The bones that make up the spine also protect the spinal cord, which runs through the spinal canal.
What does the spine provide protection for?
The spine is also designed to protect your spinal cord. The spinal cord is a column of nerves that connects your brain with the rest of your body, allowing you to control your movements. Without a spinal cord, you could not move any part of your body, and your organs could not function.
What organ does the spine protect?
Functions of the Spine
Protect the spinal cord, nerve roots and several of the body’s internal organs.
What are 3 things the spine does?
Spine Structure and Function. Key parts of your spine include vertebrae (bones), disks, nerves and the spinal cord. The spine supports your body and helps you walk, twist and move.
What part of the spine controls the heart?
Thoracic (mid back) – the main function of the thoracic spine is to hold the rib cage and protect the heart and lungs. The twelve thoracic vertebrae are numbered T1 to T12.
Which is the most vulnerable area of the spine?
The most vulnerable areas of the spine are the lumbar (lower back), and the cervical (neck) regions. They are the most mobile, and susceptible to injury. The lower back is also the main weight bearing part of the spine.
How does damage to the spinal cord and nerves affect the other parts of the body?
Complete: A complete injury causes total paralysis (loss of function) below the level of the injury. It affects both sides of the body. A complete injury may cause paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia) or the lower half of the body (paraplegia).
What diseases or disorders affect the spinal cord?
What Is Spinal Cord Disorder?
- Spinal stenosis.
- Herniated discs.
- Vertebral fractures.
- Degenerative disc disease.
What are the 3 categories of back pain?
3 Types of Back Pain and What They Mean
- Acute Pain. Acute pain, or short-term pain, can last anywhere from a day up to four weeks. …
- Subacute Pain. Subacute pain lasts anywhere from four to 12 weeks. …
- Chronic Pain. …
- Lower Back Spasms. …
- Pain From Lower Back to Buttocks and Legs. …
- Pain That Moves.
What is the bone called at the bottom of your spine?
The bottom of the spine is called the sacrum. It is made up of several vertebral bodies usually fused together as one. The remaining small bones or ossicles below the sacrum are also fused together and called the tailbone or coccyx.
What causes spine pain?
Upper and middle back pain may be caused by: Overuse, muscle strain, or injury to the muscles, ligaments, and discs that support your spine. Poor posture. Pressure on the spinal nerves from certain problems, such as a herniated disc.