Structural kyphosis involves a problem with a part of the spine, such as a deformity in the vertebrae. The hump caused by structural kyphosis is much more angular than a hump caused by postural kyphosis. A particularly sharp, angular curve is called a gibbus deformity.
What is Gibbus?
Gibbus deformity is a form of structural kyphosis typically found in the upper lumbar and lower thoracic vertebrae, where one or more adjacent vertebrae become wedged. Gibbus deformity most often develops in young children as a result of spinal tuberculosis and is the result of collapse of vertebral bodies.
Is scoliosis the same as kyphosis?
Though the conditions may be similar, they aren’t exactly the same. Scoliosis is a sideways curve of your spine — often taking the shape of the letter ‘S’ or ‘C’. Kyphosis is more of a forward rounding of the back, which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture.
What is humpback or Gibbus?
A gibbus deformity is a form of structural kyphosis. The posterior (from behind) curve presents sharply angled; the curvature is not smooth. This deformity may result in a humpback found to be more prominent when bending forward.
What causes Gibbus?
The most common cause of Gibbus deformity is tuberculosis osteomyelitis (1), although it may also result from metabolic disorders or congenital syndromes such as achondroplasia or cretinism and therefore is more common in children than adults.
Is kyphosis a disability?
Kyphosis is not usually the direct cause of significant disability, but like scoliosis, it can cause discomfort, pain and lost productivity when it happens in conjunction with other serious conditions or injuries.
What organs does kyphosis affect?
Severe cases of kyphosis can affect the nerves, lungs, organs, and tissue with pain and other issues. In very severe cases, the spine can cause the rib cage to press against the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. The extent of effects caused by kyphosis depends on the underlying condition and age.
Can a back brace help kyphosis?
Teenagers with mild to moderate kyphosis may need to wear a back brace. The brace is worn while the bones are still growing and prevents the curve getting worse. Wearing a brace may feel restrictive at first. However, most people get used to them after a while.
Can someone have kyphosis and scoliosis?
Understanding Kyphoscoliosis. Kyphoscoliosis is an abnormal curve of the spine on two planes: the coronal plane, or side to side, and the sagittal plane, or back to front. It’s a combined spinal abnormality of two other conditions: kyphosis and scoliosis.
What muscles are weak in kyphosis?
When we allow our shoulders to round forward (known as kyphosis), our anterior muscles (pectoralis major and minor) become tight due to always being in a shortened state while our posterior shoulder muscles (trapezius, rhomboids, and rotator cuff muscles) become lengthened and weak.
Is kyphosis a chronic condition?
Progressive kyphosis can develop when there is major spine injury. This type of kyphosis can result in chronic, disabling pain: Spinal muscle fatigue. Chronic swelling.