Thyroid hormones are essential for normal skeletal development and normal bone metabolism in adults but can have detrimental effects on bone structures in states of thyroid dysfunction. Untreated severe hyperthyroidism influences the degree of bone mass and increases the probability of high bone turnover osteoporosis.
Is there a connection between hypothyroidism and osteoporosis?
High levels of thyroid hormones, or hyperthyroidism, cause rapid bone loss, and new bone might not be as strong as the bone lost. This process of increased bone loss over time causes osteoporosis. Hypothyroidism, which slows your body’s metabolism, also slows down your bone’s metabolism.
Is there a connection between osteoarthritis and thyroid?
Hypothyroidism has been associated with osteoarthritis (OA) and inflammatory forms of arthritis and with several well defined connective tissue diseases, which in turn can cause arthritis. The presence of arthritis in patients with AITD with normal thyroid function is now being increasingly recognized.
Is hyperthyroidism a secondary cause of osteoporosis?
Thyroid hormone deficiency in children results in impaired skeletal development and delayed bone age, while hyperthyroidism is associated with accelerated skeletal development and advanced bone age (43). Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism have been associated with osteoporosis and increased risk of fractures.
What are the complications of hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism can lead to a number of complications:
- Heart problems. Some of the most serious complications of hyperthyroidism involve the heart. …
- Brittle bones. Untreated hyperthyroidism can also lead to weak, brittle bones (osteoporosis). …
- Eye problems. …
- Red, swollen skin. …
- Thyrotoxic crisis.
Can low TSH cause osteoporosis?
In humans, TSH inhibits markers of bone resorption with a single administration, and low TSH levels correlate with increased fracture risk. The evidence that low TSH levels predispose to osteoporosis in hyperthyroidism is discussed in view of the emerging role of pituitary hormones in bone biology.
What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
Can thyroid problems cause spinal pain?
The Spine-Thyroid Connection
The inflammation and swelling in thyroid problems like Hashimoto’s can push one of the nearby vertebrae out of place, causing a subluxation in your cervical spine. Long-term uncontrolled hypothyroidism can affect your spine in other ways.
Can thyroid disease cause osteoporosis?
If the thyroxine level in your body stays too high for a long period or the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) level in your body stays too low for a long period then there is a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
Can thyroid problems cause joint pain?
For some people, hypothyroidism can add to joint and muscle problems. Specifically, hypothyroidism may lead to: Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness, especially in the shoulders and hips. Joint pain and stiffness.
What will happen if you stop taking your thyroid medication?
What happens when you stop taking thyroid medication? If you stop taking your thyroid medication, you can expect your hypothyroid symptoms to return. Typically, the longer you go without your medication, and the more severe your thyroid disease is, the higher your risk for severe and even life-threatening conditions.
What are the two types of osteoporosis?
Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.