Infectious arthritis, also called septic arthritis, is a painful infection in the joint. It can occur when an infection from another part of your body spreads to a joint or the fluid surrounding the joint. Infection-causing germs may also enter the body during surgery, or through open wounds or an injection.
Is arthritis an infection?
One type of infectious arthritis is reactive arthritis. The reaction is to an infection somewhere else in your body. The joint is usually the knee, ankle, or toe. Sometimes, reactive arthritis is set off by an infection in the bladder, or in the urethra, which carries urine out of the body.
Is arthritis a non infectious disease?
Arthritis is not a contagious or communicable disease. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. They are not known to be caused by a bacteria, fungus, or virus.
Is arthritis a chronic infection?
Rheumatoid Arthritis is a chronic disease characterized by usually symmetric inflammation of the peripheral joints, which can eventually result in progressive destruction of joints. Generalized symptoms may also be present.
What kind of infection causes arthritis?
Most cases of infectious arthritis are caused by bacteria. The most common of these is Staphylococcus aureus (staph), a bacterium that lives on healthy skin. Infectious arthritis can also be caused by a virus or a fungus.
Do antibiotics help with arthritis?
Antibiotics will not treat reactive arthritis itself but are sometimes prescribed if you have an ongoing infection – particularly if you have an STI. Your recent sexual partner(s) may also need treatment.
Is feeling cold a symptom of arthritis?
RA sometimes affects the small nerves in your hands or feet. They might feel numb or like you’re being stuck with pins and needles. If these tiny blood vessels in your hands or feet shut down, your fingers or toes may feel cold or numb.
What virus attacks your joints?
For example, parvovirus B19, known for causing fifth disease (erythema infectiosum), sometimes causes swollen, painful joints and anemia. Other examples of viruses that can cause viral arthritis include enterovirus, rubella, HIV, and hepatitis B and C.
How did I get septic arthritis?
Septic arthritis can develop when an infection, such as a skin infection or urinary tract infection, spreads through your bloodstream to a joint. Less commonly, a puncture wound, drug injection, or surgery in or near a joint — including joint replacement surgery — can give the germs entry into the joint space.
How do I know if I have septic arthritis?
How Is Septic Arthritis Diagnosed? A procedure called arthrocentesis is commonly used to make an accurate diagnosis of septic arthritis. This procedure involves a surgical puncture of the joint to draw a sample of the joint fluid, known as synovial fluid. Normally, this fluid is sterile and acts as a lubricant.
Can septic arthritis be seen on xray?
Early diagnosis can prevent complications that could ultimately lead to patient disability. The imaging workup for suspected septic arthritis includes radiography or ultrasound before surgical intervention to detect the effusion and to see whether an associated osteomyelitis is present.
Is septic arthritis serious?
Septic arthritis is a serious type of joint infection. It should be treated as soon as possible. You can make a full recovery with treatment but if left untreated it can be more serious.
What does a joint infection feel like?
Symptoms are usually severe and include fever, redness, and swelling at the joint and intense pain that worsens with movement. In infants, symptoms may include a fever, the inability to move the limb with the infected joint, and crying when the infected joint is moved.
Can a blood test detect septic arthritis?
Blood testing for septic arthritis may include peripheral WBC count and CRP. In cases of septic arthritis, results for all of these assays are generally elevated. Gout or other inflammatory processes may also cause these results, so further testing is required for definitive diagnosis.