Some types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis can cause serious complications, such as growth problems, joint damage and eye inflammation. Treatment focuses on controlling pain and inflammation, improving function, and preventing damage.
Is childhood arthritis fatal?
A recent study showed that mortality is fairly high in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). These death rates are the highest among girls, up to 50 times greater than those in a comparable segment of the non-JA population.
How long does childhood arthritis last?
There are multiple types of JIA, each with different features. Generally, they all share symptoms of joint pain, swelling, warmth, and stiffness that last at least 6 weeks.
Is arthritis in children normal?
Actually, kids can get a kind of arthritis called juvenile idiopathic arthritis or JIA (it’s also called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, or JRA). Juvenile means young, so this means that JIA is different from the arthritis that adults get. Kids can have many different types of arthritis, but JIA is the most common.
At what age does juvenile arthritis start?
Usually the symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis appear between the ages of six months and 16 years.
Is Jia life threatening?
The result is too much inflammation in the entire body that can affect any organ system, including the bone marrow, liver and spleen. Macrophage activation syndrome is “a potentially life-threatening complication of systemic JIA,” Schulert says.
Is juvenile arthritis a disability?
The age of the child, the impact the condition is having on the child’s life, and the income of the child’s parents will also be considered. Even though SSA acknowledges juvenile arthritis as a disability, a person still needs to apply for benefits.
At what age does arthritis usually start?
It most commonly starts among people between the ages of 40 and 60. It’s more common in women than men. There are drugs that can slow down an over-active immune system and therefore reduce the pain and swelling in joints.
How do you know if you have juvenile arthritis?
Symptoms of juvenile arthritis may include: Joint stiffness, especially in the morning. Pain, swelling, and tenderness in the joints. Limping (In younger children, it may appear that the child is not able to perform motor skills they recently learned.)
How is arthritis diagnosed in kids?
Childhood arthritis is diagnosed through a physical examination and review of symptoms, X-rays, and lab tests. A doctor should make this diagnosis, particularly a rheumatologist who specializes in arthritis and other related conditions in children. These doctors are called pediatric rheumatologists.
Does juvenile arthritis get worse with age?
It tends to get worse with time and typically affects joints on both sides of the body. Eye health problems: Although pinkeye and other eye infections are common in children, children with JIA are more vulnerable to chronic and severe eye problems.