Is rheumatoid arthritis two different diseases?

It’s bad enough that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) exists as even one disease. But now, a new study concludes that the debilitating condition may actually be two different diseases. In addition, researchers say one subtype of RA may lead to poorer outcomes than the other.

What other diseases are common with rheumatoid arthritis?

A new study says rheumatoid arthritis is associated with other diseases like diabetes and heart disease, irritable bowel disease (IBD), sleep apnea and blood clots. Rheumatoid arthritis, often known as RA, is a disease of the joints that is characterized by pain and inflammation.

What are the two types of rheumatoid arthritis?

The two main types of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are seropositive and seronegative RA, with juvenile RA being another type that only affects children.

Conditions most often confused for RA include:

  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome.
  • Anemia.
  • Sciatica.
  • Lyme disease.
  • Neuropathy.
  • Psoriatic arthritis.

Is rheumatoid arthritis One disease?

Causes of rheumatoid arthritis

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Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease. This means your immune system (which usually fights infection) attacks the cells that line your joints by mistake, making the joints swollen, stiff and painful. Over time, this can damage the joints, cartilage and nearby bone.

Can you live a long life with rheumatoid arthritis?

RA can shorten your life expectancy by as much as 10 to 15 years compared to people who don’t have the disease. But people with RA are living longer than ever before. Though the disease may still affect life expectancy, it doesn’t have as much impact as it did in the past.

What is the main cause of rheumatoid arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition, which means it’s caused by the immune system attacking healthy body tissue. However, it’s not yet known what triggers this. Your immune system normally makes antibodies that attack bacteria and viruses, helping to fight infection.

What are the 5 worst foods to eat if you have arthritis?

Foods to be avoided in arthritis are:

  • Red meat.
  • Dairy products.
  • Corn, sunflower, safflower, peanut, and soy oils.
  • Salt.
  • Sugars including sucrose and fructose.
  • Fried or grilled foods.
  • Alcohol.
  • Refined carbohydrates such as biscuits, white bread, and pasta.

Can you have rheumatoid arthritis without testing positive?

People who don’t test positive for the presence of RF and anti-CCP can still be diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis based on their symptoms, a physical exam of their joints, and imaging tests (X-rays and ultrasounds) that can show patterns of cartilage and bone deterioration.

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How do you permanently treat rheumatoid arthritis?

There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But clinical studies indicate that remission of symptoms is more likely when treatment begins early with medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

What is the safest drug for rheumatoid arthritis?

Hydroxychloroquine is an antimalarial drug which is relatively safe and well-tolerated agent for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

What happens when RA attacks the lungs?

The lung problems most often linked to rheumatoid arthritis include: Scarring within the lungs. Scarring related to long-term inflammation (interstitial lung disease) may cause shortness of breath, a chronic dry cough, fatigue, weakness and loss of appetite.

What is the average lifespan of someone with rheumatoid arthritis?

However, the widespread inflammation that characterizes the condition can lead to life-threatening complications. According to the Rheumatoid Arthritis Support Network, a person with RA may have a lifespan that is approximately 10, or at most 15, years shorter than average.

How can I prevent my rheumatoid arthritis from getting worse?

Take these steps to improve your odds of avoiding long-term trouble.

  1. Get treated early. Much of the damage that eventually becomes serious starts soon after you learn you have RA. …
  2. See your doctor often. …
  3. Exercise. …
  4. Rest when you need to. …
  5. Use a cane in the hand opposite a painful hip or knee. …
  6. If you smoke, quit.
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