Septic arthritis is an infection in the joint (synovial) fluid and joint tissues. Different types of bacteria, viruses, and fungi can infect a joint. Symptoms include fever, joint pain, swelling, redness, and warmth. Quick treatment with antibiotics is needed to halt the risk of joint damage.
Is septic arthritis dangerous?
Septic arthritis is a serious type of joint infection. It should be treated as soon as possible. You can make a full recovery with treatment but if left untreated it can be more serious.
What happens if septic arthritis is left untreated?
If there is a delay, the infection can quickly damage parts of the joint. This may lead to pain that lasts for a long time and loss of mobility. In some cases, if left untreated, septic arthritis can lead to blood poisoning, known as septicaemia.
What does septic arthritis affect?
Knees are most commonly affected, but septic arthritis also can affect hips, shoulders and other joints. The infection can quickly and severely damage the cartilage and bone within the joint, so prompt treatment is crucial.
What are the 3 stages of sepsis?
There are three stages of sepsis: sepsis, severe sepsis, and ultimately septic shock.
What is the most common cause of septic arthritis?
The most common type of bacteria that causes septic arthritis is called Staphylococcus aureus. It is also known as S. aureus.
How do I know if I have septic arthritis?
How Is Septic Arthritis Diagnosed? A procedure called arthrocentesis is commonly used to make an accurate diagnosis of septic arthritis. This procedure involves a surgical puncture of the joint to draw a sample of the joint fluid, known as synovial fluid. Normally, this fluid is sterile and acts as a lubricant.
Is septic arthritis an emergency?
Nongonococcal septic arthritis is a medical emergency that can lead to serious sequelae and mortality. Therefore, prompt recognition and treatment are critical to ensuring a good prognosis.
Can septic arthritis go away on its own?
Infectious arthritis caused by a virus usually goes away on its own with no specific treatment and fungal infections are treated with antifungal medication. Joint Drainage. Many people with infectious arthritis need to have their joint fluid drained.
Why is septic arthritis considered a surgical emergency?
Septic arthritis is considered a surgical emergency. Diagnosis and prompt drainage is required to avoid continued joint damage, which can result in early onset arthritis. Septic arthritis typically occurs related to adjacent osteomyelitis (infection of the bone).
Can septic arthritis be treated with oral antibiotics?
Abstract: Acute septic arthritis is a rare, but potentially devastating disease. The treatment is initiated intravenously, but can be safely switched to oral after 2–4 days providing large doses of a well-absorbing antibiotic and, for time-dependent antibiotics, 4 times-a-day administration are used.
What does a joint infection feel like?
Symptoms are usually severe and include fever, redness, and swelling at the joint and intense pain that worsens with movement. In infants, symptoms may include a fever, the inability to move the limb with the infected joint, and crying when the infected joint is moved.
Can a blood test detect septic arthritis?
Blood testing for septic arthritis may include peripheral WBC count and CRP. In cases of septic arthritis, results for all of these assays are generally elevated. Gout or other inflammatory processes may also cause these results, so further testing is required for definitive diagnosis.
What is the difference between septic and sepsis?
‘Septic’ is a very different term from ‘sepsis’ to the infectious disease physician; the patient being septic means that the patient has the same symptomatology as a patient with sepsis, but the bacterial diagnosis may not be obvious and a range of other pathogens need to be considered much more broadly, so that …