The spine itself has three main segments: the cervical spine, the thoracic spine, and the lumbar spine. The cervical is the upper part of the spine, made up of seven vertebrae (bones). The thoracic is the center portion of the spine, consisting of 12 vertebrae. The lower portion of the spine is called the lumbar spine.
What is a segment in the spine?
: a segment of the spinal cord including a single pair of spinal nerves and representing the spinal innervation of a single primitive metamere.
What are the four major sections of the spine called?
The vertebrae are numbered and divided into regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, and coccyx (Fig. 2). Only the top 24 bones are moveable; the vertebrae of the sacrum and coccyx are fused.
What nerve is unique in that it has a spinal origin?
The vagus nerve has axons that originate from or enter the dorsal nucleus of the vagus nerve, the nucleus ambiguus, the solitary nucleus in the medulla, and the spinal trigeminal nucleus. The vagus nerve is responsible for heart rate, gastrointestinal peristalsis, and sweating, to name a few.
What are the three areas of the spine?
The spine has three normal curves: cervical, thoracic and lumbar. There are seven cervical vertebrae in the neck, 12 thoracic vertebrae in the torso and five lumbar vertebrae in the lower back.
What are the 5 areas of the spine?
The spine is composed of 33 bones, called vertebrae, divided into five sections: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine sections, and the sacrum and coccyx bones. The cervical section of the spine is made up of the top seven vertebrae in the spine, C1 to C7, and is connected to the base of the skull.
What absorbs shock in the spine?
The intervertebral discs are soft structures which act as shock absorbers between each of the vertebrae (bones) in the spine. A single disc sits between each vertebra. Each intervertebral disc has a strong outer ring of fibres (‘annulus’), and a soft, jelly-like centre (nucleus).
What is the coccygeal segment?
The coccyx is a triangular bone that consists of 3 to 5 fused segments, the largest of which articulates with the lowest sacral segment. In addition, the first coccygeal segment contains rudimentary articular processes called the coccygeal cornua that articulate with the sacral cornua.
Does coccydynia ever go away?
Tailbone pain, also called coccydynia or coccygodynia, usually goes away on its own within a few weeks or months. To lessen tailbone pain in the meantime, it might help to: Lean forward while sitting down. Sit on a doughnut-shaped pillow or wedge (V-shaped) cushion.