The Achilles tendon is anatomically made up of non-insertional (proximal) and insertional (distal) portions  (Fig. 1).
What is the Achilles tendon made of?
Achilles tendon, also called calcaneal tendon, strong tendon at the back of the heel that connects the calf muscles to the heel. The tendon is formed from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles (the calf muscles) and is inserted into the heel bone.
What 3 muscles make up the Achilles tendon?
The Achilles tendon or heel cord, also known as the calcaneal tendon, is a tendon at the back of the lower leg, and is the thickest in the human body. It serves to attach the plantaris, gastrocnemius (calf) and soleus muscles to the calcaneus (heel) bone.
Is the Achilles tendon the thickest tendon in the body?
Sometimes the Achilles tendon is torn during a non-sports-related injury such as a fall. The Achilles tendon is the thickest and strongest tendon in the body.
Can Achilles tendon heal on its own?
Minor to moderate Achilles tendon injuries should heal on their own. To speed the process, you can: Rest your leg. Avoid putting weight on it as best you can.
What is a Paratenon?
The paratenon is a membrane-like areolar structure consisting of loose connective tissue found around extraarticular tendons without a synovial sheath including the Achilles tendon, quadriceps tendon or distal biceps tendon.
How do I know if my Achilles is torn?
Pain, possibly severe, and swelling near the heel. An inability to bend the foot downward or “push off” the injured leg when walking. An inability to stand on the toes on the injured leg. A popping or snapping sound when the injury occurs.
What is back of heel called?
The Achilles tendon is a tough band of fibrous tissue that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneus). The Achilles tendon is also called the calcaneal tendon.
What is back of foot called?
The two bones that make up the back part of the foot (sometimes referred to as the hindfoot) are the talus and the calcaneus, or heel bone. The talus is connected to the calcaneus at the subtalar joint. The ankle joint allows the foot to bend up and down.
What does an inflamed Achilles tendon feel like?
The Achilles tendon feels sore a few centimeters above where it meets the heel bone. The lower leg feels stiff, slow, or weak. A slight pain appears in the back of the leg after running or exercising and becomes more severe. Pain in the Achilles tendon occurs while running or a couple of hours after.
What is the weakest tendon in your body?
The achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body but also the weakest in terms of the stress placed on it. For example when a person jumps up and lands the Achilles tendon experience upto 90% of the force required to rupture it. So a little bit of weakening of it can go a long way.