If the kyphosis becomes bad enough, it can narrow the spinal canal causing a condition known as spinal stenosis. Pressure on the spinal cord due to the narrowing can lead to neurological problems, such as pain, numbness, and a loss in muscle strength.
Is kyphosis a neuromuscular disease?
This form of the deformity can occur in children with certain neuromuscular disorders, such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, or muscular dystrophy. Surgery can be an option to improve quality of life.
How does kyphosis affect the nervous system?
Kyphosis can be painful and cause pain primarily in the area of the kyphosis. If the curve is severe it can begin to put pressure on the spinal cord and cause problems due to the compression of the nerves of the spinal cord. This can cause weakness in the lower extremities.
What is the main cause of kyphosis is?
Poor posture in childhood, such as slouching, leaning back in chairs and carrying heavy schoolbags, can cause the ligaments and muscles that support the vertebrae to stretch. This can pull the thoracic vertebrae out of their normal position, resulting in kyphosis.
How long does it take to correct kyphosis?
The curve in your spine is straightened using metal rods, screws and hooks, and your spine is fused into place using bone grafts. Bone grafts usually use donated bone but it may taken from another place in your body, such as the pelvis. The procedure takes 4 to 8 hours and is carried out under general anaesthetic.
What are the stages of kyphosis?
There are three main types of abnormal kyphosis: postural kyphosis, Scheuermann’s kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease), and congenital kyphosis. There are three main types of kyphosis: postural, Scheuermann’s, and congenital. Most forms of kyphosis do not require any treatment.
What is the best treatment for kyphosis?
Treatment for postural kyphosis and Scheuermann’s kyphosis may include regular X-rays to monitor the curve, physical therapy and, in some cases, a back brace. For congenital kyphosis (and severe Scheuermann’s kyphosis), spinal fusion surgery can relieve pain and correct the curvature.
Is kyphosis a disability?
Kyphosis is not usually the direct cause of significant disability, but like scoliosis, it can cause discomfort, pain and lost productivity when it happens in conjunction with other serious conditions or injuries.
What happens if kyphosis is left untreated?
As with postural kyphosis, the condition is usually diagnosed in adolescence. When left untreated, Scheuermann’s kyphosis can progress. Accompanying pain and cosmetic deformity can also be anticipated.
What degree of kyphosis needs surgery?
Spine specialists consider kyphosis curves normal up to 45-50 degrees. Beyond this range, the curve is considered excessive and may require treatment. Curves, more than 70 degrees that are painful and / or progressive, may require surgery.
What measures can individuals take to prevent kyphosis?
Postural kyphosis can be prevented by being aware of your posture and by taking care of your back. You should encourage your child to: avoid slouching. sit correctly – sit upright, ensuring that the small of the back is supported.