Pyogenic, or septic, arthritis is a serious and painful infection of a joint. It is most often caused by bacteria, such as staphylococcus or streptococcus, but can also be caused by a fungus or virus.
What is another name for septic arthritis?
Septic arthritis is also known as infectious arthritis, and is usually caused by bacteria. It can also be caused by a virus or fungus. The condition is an inflammation of a joint that’s caused by infection. Typically, septic arthritis affects one large joint in the body, such as the knee or hip.
How can you tell the difference between reactive arthritis and septic arthritis?
The term “septic arthritis” might define situations in which the bacteria proliferate in the joint, whereas the term “reactive arthritis” should be used to define situations in which inflammation is perpetuated by living, but nonreplicative, bacteria.
Is septic arthritis serious?
Septic arthritis is a serious type of joint infection. It should be treated as soon as possible. You can make a full recovery with treatment but if left untreated it can be more serious.
How quickly does septic arthritis develop?
In most cases the symptoms develop within a few days. However, the symptoms can be slower to develop after joint replacement surgery or if you have tuberculosis. At first, the pain and fever may be mild but will gradually get worse.
Can septic arthritis go away on its own?
Infectious arthritis caused by a virus usually goes away on its own with no specific treatment and fungal infections are treated with antifungal medication. Joint Drainage. Many people with infectious arthritis need to have their joint fluid drained.
How did I get septic arthritis?
Septic arthritis can develop when an infection, such as a skin infection or urinary tract infection, spreads through your bloodstream to a joint. Less commonly, a puncture wound, drug injection, or surgery in or near a joint — including joint replacement surgery — can give the germs entry into the joint space.
Is septic arthritis an emergency?
Nongonococcal septic arthritis is a medical emergency that can lead to serious sequelae and mortality. Therefore, prompt recognition and treatment are critical to ensuring a good prognosis.
Why is septic arthritis considered a surgical emergency?
Septic arthritis is considered a surgical emergency. Diagnosis and prompt drainage is required to avoid continued joint damage, which can result in early onset arthritis. Septic arthritis typically occurs related to adjacent osteomyelitis (infection of the bone).
Is septic arthritis an autoimmune disease?
Enthesopathy is often a symptom of another disorder, such as inflammatory arthritis of the spine or an autoimmune condition. So people with enthesopathy may experience symptoms of these other conditions, which may, in turn, help diagnose the underlying cause of the joint pain.
Does septic arthritis require hospitalization?
Acute prosthetic joint infection (PJI) (< 3 wk in duration) can be cured medically if it is of the early type or secondary to hematogenous spread without any evidence of periarticular soft-tissue involvement or joint instability. Overall, the mean length of hospitalization for septic arthritis is 11.5 days.
What are the 6 signs of sepsis?
These can include:
- feeling dizzy or faint.
- a change in mental state – such as confusion or disorientation.
- nausea and vomiting.
- slurred speech.
- severe muscle pain.
- severe breathlessness.
- less urine production than normal – for example, not urinating for a day.
What are the complications of septic arthritis?
Despite advances in diagnostic studies, powerful antibiotics, and early drainage, significant joint destruction commonly occurs. Septic arthritis can also cause many complications, including osteomyelitis, bony erosions, fibrous ankylosis, sepsis, and even death.
Can septic arthritis be seen on xray?
Early diagnosis can prevent complications that could ultimately lead to patient disability. The imaging workup for suspected septic arthritis includes radiography or ultrasound before surgical intervention to detect the effusion and to see whether an associated osteomyelitis is present.