Postmenopausal osteoporosis (type 1) occurs in women within 15–20 years after menopause and is thought to result from factors related to or exacerbated by estrogen deficiency. Age-related osteoporosis (type 2) occurs in men and women over 75 years of age and may be more directly related to the aging process.
What is Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis?
Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.
What is Type 2 osteoporosis?
Type II osteoporosis (also known as senile), commonly caused by a long term calcium deficiency. Women are twice as more likely than men to suffer from Type II osteoporosis. Type II osteoporosis results in loss of the outer bone structure and also the inner trabecular bone to wear down and become thin.
What are the 3 types of osteoporosis?
What are the different types of osteoporosis?
- Primary osteoporosis. This is the most common type of osteoporosis and occurs more in women than men. …
- Secondary osteoporosis. …
- Osteogenesis imperfecta. …
- Idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis.
What are the 4 types of osteoporosis?
There are four types of osteoporosis: primary, secondary, osteogenesis imperfecta, and idiopathic juvenile.
What is the best management of osteoporosis?
Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include: Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill. Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.
What will happen if osteoporosis is left untreated?
What can happen if osteoporosis is not treated? Osteoporosis that is not treated can lead to serious bone breaks (fractures), especially in the hip and spine. One in three women is likely to have a fracture caused by osteoporosis in her lifetime. Hip fractures can cause serious pain and disability and require surgery.
Can osteoporosis disappear?
There’s no cure for osteoporosis, but proper treatment can help protect and strengthen your bones. These treatments can help slow the breakdown of bone in your body, and some treatments can spur the growth of new bone.
What is the most common cause of secondary osteoporosis?
The most common causes of secondary osteoporosis include: Endocrinopathies (hyperthyroidism, hypogonadism, hypopituitarism, primary hyperparathyroidism, diabetes mellitus, eating disorders, growth hormone deficiency and acromegaly)
Can you live a long life with osteoporosis?
Women younger than 75 years and men under 60 years can expect to live at least 15 more years after beginning treatment for osteoporosis, according to a new observational study.
What is secondary prevention of osteoporosis?
Emphasis of the primary prevention is, besides a sufficient calcium intake, to omit risk factors; with secondary prevention the use of medical treatments such as estrogens/gestagens, bisphosphonates, and recently also SERMs is applied. The tertiary prevention tries mostly to reduce the femur fractures.
Why is osteoporosis more common in females?
Women. Women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men because the hormone changes that happen at the menopause directly affect bone density. The female hormone oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. After the menopause, oestrogen levels fall.
What are the grades of osteoporosis?
Understanding Bone Density Test Results
- A T-score of -1.0 or above is normal bone density. Examples are 0.9, 0 and -0.9.
- A T-score between -1.0 and -2.5 means you have low bone density or osteopenia. …
- A T-score of -2.5 or below is a diagnosis of osteoporosis. …
- The lower a person’s T-score, the lower the bone density.
Does osteoporosis make you tired?
Pain is not a symptom of osteoporosis in the absence of fractures. Following a fracture, bones tend to heal within six to eight weeks but pain and other physical problems, such as pain and tiredness or fatigue, may continue.