Although once considered incurable, osteomyelitis can now be successfully treated. Most people need surgery to remove areas of the bone that have died.
Is chronic osteomyelitis fatal?
It can be fatal. In adults, sub-acute or chronic osteomyelitis are more common, especially after an injury or trauma, such as a fractured bone. This is known as contiguous osteomyelitis. It usually affects adults over the age of 50 years.
How long can you have chronic osteomyelitis?
Acute osteomyelitis typically refers to an infection of less than 1 month’s duration, whereas chronic osteomyelitis refers to infection that lasts longer than 4 weeks.
Can you have osteomyelitis for years?
With treatment, the outcome for acute osteomyelitis is often good. The outlook is worse for those with long-term (chronic) osteomyelitis. Symptoms may come and go for years, even with surgery. Amputation may be needed, especially in people with diabetes or poor blood circulation.
How long does chronic osteomyelitis take to heal?
Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis in children typically can be treated with a four-week course of antibiotics. In adults, the duration of antibiotic treatment for chronic osteomyelitis is typically several weeks longer.
Can chronic osteomyelitis be cured?
Although once considered incurable, osteomyelitis can now be successfully treated. Most people need surgery to remove areas of the bone that have died. After surgery, strong intravenous antibiotics are typically needed.
What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?
Outlook / Prognosis
With proper treatment, the outcome is usually good for osteomyelitis, although results tend to be worse for chronic osteomyelitis, even with surgery. Some cases of chronic osteomyelitis can be so resistant to treatment that amputation may be required; however, this is rare.
Does osteomyelitis ever go away?
Osteomyelitis is a painful bone infection. It usually goes away if treated early with antibiotics. If not, it can cause permanent damage.
What are the complications of chronic osteomyelitis?
Some of the complications of osteomyelitis include:
- Bone abscess (pocket of pus)
- Bone necrosis (bone death)
- Spread of infection.
- Inflammation of soft tissue (cellulitis)
- Blood poisoning (septicaemia)
- Chronic infection that doesn’t respond well to treatment.
What are the long term effects of osteomyelitis?
Osteomyelitis needs long-term care to prevent complications, such as: Fractures of the affected bone. Stunted growth in children, if the infection has involved the growth plate. Tissue death (gangrene) in the affected area.
How quickly does osteomyelitis spread?
Symptoms of Osteomyelitis
Acute osteomyelitis develops rapidly over a period of seven to 10 days.
Can osteomyelitis cause nerve damage?
Patients with chronic osteomyelitis may report bone pain, tenderness, and draining abscesses around infected bone for long periods of time (months to years). Rarely, vertebral osteomyelitis may affect the nerves in the spine. If the infection travels into the spinal canal, this can result in an epidural abscess.
Is osteomyelitis an emergency?
Osteomyelitis can present to the emergency department as an acute, subacute, or chronic orthopedic concern.
Does chronic osteomyelitis qualify for disability?
Once the bone is damaged or weakened, complications such as osteoporosis or arthritis can occur and cause life-long problems. If you have experienced osteomyelitis and any associated conditions that have affected your ability to work, you may qualify to file a New York disability claim.
How long do you take IV antibiotics for osteomyelitis?
Parenteral antibiotic therapy
Formerly, experts usually recommended an intravenous (IV) therapy for 4 to 6 weeks followed by an oral course of additional weeks or months.