Previous studies showed that the presence of both vertebral fractures and an increased thoracic kyphosis are related with increased fall risk [13-15]. Recently, we showed that vertebral fractures, increased thoracic kyphosis and a flexed posture are associated with an impaired postural control [16,17].
Is kyphosis a fall risk?
Many have hypothesized that hyperkyphosis increases fall risk. Within this prospective study of older adults, kyphosis was signifi- cantly associated with incident falls over 1 year. Measures of hyperkyphosis could enhance falls risk assessments during primary care office visits.
Does kyphosis affect balance?
Greater kyphosis is associated with poorer mobility performance, but not balance or self-reported disability.
Does kyphosis shorten your life?
Untreated severe or progressive kyphosis is also associated with limiting complications, which can significantly reduce the quality of life. These include severe and chronic back pain, back deformity, poor respiratory capacity and neurological symptoms and signs, such as limb paralysis or weakness.
Is kyphosis a disability?
Kyphosis is not usually the direct cause of significant disability, but like scoliosis, it can cause discomfort, pain and lost productivity when it happens in conjunction with other serious conditions or injuries.
How long does it take to correct kyphosis?
The surgery for kyphosis is a posterior spinal fusion with instrumentation. The surgery itself takes four to five hours with a hospital stay of three to four days. The recovery is typically four to six weeks at home.
What is the best treatment for kyphosis?
Treatment for postural kyphosis and Scheuermann’s kyphosis may include regular X-rays to monitor the curve, physical therapy and, in some cases, a back brace. For congenital kyphosis (and severe Scheuermann’s kyphosis), spinal fusion surgery can relieve pain and correct the curvature.
What organs does kyphosis affect?
Severe cases of kyphosis can affect the nerves, lungs, organs, and tissue with pain and other issues. In very severe cases, the spine can cause the rib cage to press against the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. The extent of effects caused by kyphosis depends on the underlying condition and age.
Which muscles are weak in kyphosis?
When we allow our shoulders to round forward (known as kyphosis), our anterior muscles (pectoralis major and minor) become tight due to always being in a shortened state while our posterior shoulder muscles (trapezius, rhomboids, and rotator cuff muscles) become lengthened and weak.
Can a back brace help kyphosis?
Teenagers with mild to moderate kyphosis may need to wear a back brace. The brace is worn while the bones are still growing and prevents the curve getting worse. Wearing a brace may feel restrictive at first. However, most people get used to them after a while.