Individuals with RA are at increased risk of developing osteoporosis. Chronic inflammation associated with RA, medications used to treat the disease, particularly prednisone and other corticosteroid (“steroids”) drugs, all contribute to this risk.
Why does RA cause osteoporosis?
But RA inflammation breaks this cycle. It speeds up your bone loss and slows the making of new bone to replace it. Your bones get weaker, and that leads to osteoporosis. Inflammation also may make it harder for your body to absorb nutrients it needs to keep your bones strong, like calcium or vitamin D.
Is there a connection between arthritis and osteoporosis?
The link between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis
In addition, pain and loss of joint function caused by the disease can result in inactivity, further increasing osteoporosis risk. Studies also show that bone loss in rheumatoid arthritis may occur as a direct result of the disease.
Does RA cause osteopenia?
In RA, there are three kind of bone loss: local, juxta-articular and systemic, causing periarticular osteopenia, bone erosions and generalized osteopenia and/or osteoporosis far from inflamed joints, respectively (25–27).
How do you permanently treat rheumatoid arthritis?
There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But clinical studies indicate that remission of symptoms is more likely when treatment begins early with medications known as disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).
Which is worse osteoporosis or osteopenia?
The difference between osteopenia and osteoporosis is that in osteopenia the bone loss is not as severe as in osteoporosis. That means someone with osteopenia is more likely to fracture a bone than someone with a normal bone density but is less likely to fracture a bone than someone with osteoporosis.
What is the life expectancy of someone with osteoporosis?
This excess risk is more pronounced in the first few years on treatment. The average life expectancy of osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women younger than 75 years and in men younger than 60 years, highlighting the importance of developing tools for long-term management.
What happens to bones when someone has osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a health condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a fall or sudden impact causes a bone to break (fracture).
Can osteoporosis cause other health problems?
Osteoporosis can be disabling and limit your physical activity. A loss of activity can cause you to gain weight. It can also increase stress on your bones, in particular your knees and hips. Gaining weight can also increase your risk of other problems, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Can bone density test detect rheumatoid arthritis?
A bone density test isn’t typically used to diagnose arthritis. Instead, it’s most often used to diagnose early signs of bone loss or osteoporosis. But if you have inflammatory types of arthritis, like RA or PsA, you may be at risk for developing osteoporosis.
At what age is a bone density test recommended?
Bone density tests are recommended for all women age 65 and older, and for younger women at higher-than-normal risk for a fracture. Men may want to discuss osteoporosis screening with their doctor if they’re over age 70 or at high risk for thinning bones.
Which is worse rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis?
OA is more common than RA. Both involve inflammation in the joints, but RA causes much more inflammation. Until recently, experts believed that inflammation was not a feature of OA, and researchers are still investigating the role that it plays in the illness — whether it is a cause or a result of the condition.