Duration of the initial phase is 6 to 9 months and the total therapy lasts 20 to 24 months.
Is tuberculosis of the spine curable?
The major sites affected in bone tb are spine and weight bearing joints. It is a serious condition since it destroys the thoracic and leads to bone deformity. It is extremely important to detect bone tb symptoms as soon as possible. Bone tb is a curable condition if detected soon.
Is Spinal TB painful?
Back pain is the most frequent symptom of spinal tuberculosis. The intensity of pain varies from constant mild dull aching to severe disabling. Pain is typically localized to the site of involvement and is most common in the thoracic region.
Should not walk in spinal TB?
Surgery is only for those who cannot walk. In around 10 to 20 per cent of the newly diagnosed spinal TB cases paraplegia is seen. Even if a patient has developed paraplegia, there is always a good chance of recovery if treated early.”
Does spine TB spread?
TB disease in the lungs or throat can be infectious. This means that the bacteria can be spread to other people. TB in other parts of the body, such as the kidney or spine, is usually not infectious. People with TB disease are most likely to spread it to people they spend time with every day.
How is TB of the spine treated?
Combination of rifampicin, isoniazid, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide for two months followed by combination of rifampicin and isoniazid for a total period of 6, 9, 12 or 18 months is the most frequent protocol used for treatment of spinal TB .
How do you recover from spinal TB?
A strict treatment schedule of 18 months, combined with good nutritional support and bed rest, with spinal braces, is adequate for recovery from immobility and paraplegia caused by an advanced stage of spinal infection.
What are the complications of TB of spine?
Spinal deformity and paraplegia/quadriplegia are the most common complications of tuberculosis (TB) of spine. TB of dorsal spine almost always produces kyphosis while cervical and lumbar spine shows reversal of lordosis to begin with followed by kyphosis.
Is surgery necessary for spine TB?
Tuberculosis can be responsible for extensive spinal lesions. Despite the efficacy of medical treatment, surgery is indicated to avoid or correct significant deformity, treat spinal instability, prevent neurological compromise, and to eradicate an extensive tuberculous abscess.
What food is good for bone TB?
Moreover, as precautionary and preventive measures, a person suffering from bone tuberculosis or any other form of tuberculosis must focus on a nutritional rich diet including fibre, protein, green leafy vegetable, etc. which are rich in iron and vitamin B.
Is spinal Cord TB infectious?
Unlike pulmonary tuberculosis, studies have shown that bone or spinal tuberculosis may not spread through the air. The infection can spread through your blood if you come in contact with an infected person’s body fluids or pus.
How do you sleep with spinal TB?
The best sleeping position is to lie on your back with a small pillow under your knees. This position unloads the spine and allows for the natural curve of the lower back.
Can you kiss someone with tuberculosis?
This means that being near someone with TB disease when they cough, sneeze, or even talk close to your face for an extended period of time puts you at risk for infection. Kissing, hugging, or shaking hands with a person who has TB doesn’t spread the disease.
What is the incubation period of tuberculosis?
What is the incubation period for tuberculosis? The incubation period for tuberculosis is measured from exposure time to time of development of a positive tuberculin skin test. In most individuals, the incubation period varies from approximately two to 12 weeks.