There are 31 pairs of spinal nerves and roots. Eight pairs of cervical nerves exit the cervical cord at each vertebral level. One member of the pair exits on the right side and the other exits on the left.
What is the function of the 31 pairs of spinal nerves?
A total of 31 pairs of spinal nerves control motor, sensory, and other functions. These nerves are located at the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal levels. Spinal nerves can be impacted by a variety of medical problems, resulting in pain, weakness, or decreased sensation.
How many spinal nerves arise from the spinal cord?
Thirty four pairs of spinal nerves (8 cervical, 13 thoracic, 6 lumbar, 4 sacral, and 3 coccygeal) arise from the spinal cord.
Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
What part of the spine has no nerves?
Because the lumbar spine has no spinal cord and has a large amount of space for the nerve roots, even serious conditions—such as a large disc herniation—do not typically cause paraplegia (loss of motor function in the legs).
What spinal nerves affect what?
The spinal nerves act as “telephone lines,” carrying messages back and forth between your body and spinal cord to control sensation and movement. Each spinal nerve has two roots (Fig. 8). The ventral (front) root carries motor impulses from the brain and the dorsal (back) root carries sensory impulses to the brain.
How does damage to the spinal cord and nerves affect the other parts of the body?
Complete: A complete injury causes total paralysis (loss of function) below the level of the injury. It affects both sides of the body. A complete injury may cause paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia) or the lower half of the body (paraplegia).
What is the connection between the brain and the spinal cord?
The part of the skull where the brain sits is called the cranium. The base, or lower part, of the brain is connected to the spinal cord. Together, the brain and spinal cord are known as the central nervous system (CNS). Many nerves send electrical signals to and from the brain and spinal cord.
Where do nerves come out of the spine?
The nerve roots pass out of the spinal canal through the intervertebral foramen, where they feed the body either anteriorly (motor) or posteriorly (sensory). The anterior divisions supply the front of the spine including the limbs.
Nerve Structures of the Spine.
|SPINAL CORD||31 Pairs – Spinal Nerves|
Can spinal problems cause heart problems?
Patients with SCI have a higher risk of cardiovascular complications and long-term effects as well as thromboembolism and autonomic dysreflexia. The recommended evaluation of cardiovascular dysfunction includes physiological, biochemical and pharmacological tests.