According to its rostrocaudal location the spinal cord can be divided into four parts: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral, two of these are marked by an upper (cervical) and a lower (lumbar) enlargement.
How many parts does the spinal cord have?
The spinal cord is divided into four different regions: the cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral regions (Figure 3.1).
What are the 3 main parts of the spinal cord?
The spinal cord comprises three parts: the cervical (neck), thoracic (chest), and lumbar (lower back) regions. Three layers of tissue protect the spinal cord: the dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater.
What are the 4 sections of the spinal cord?
The vertebrae are numbered and divided into regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, and coccyx (Fig. 2). Only the top 24 bones are moveable; the vertebrae of the sacrum and coccyx are fused. The vertebrae in each region have unique features that help them perform their main functions.
Can the spinal cord repair itself?
Unlike tissue in the peripheral nervous system, that in the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain) does not repair itself effectively.
What are the main parts of the spinal cord?
In order for your body to function, you need your nerves. The spine branches off into thirty-one pairs of nerve roots. These roots exit the spine on both sides through spaces (neural foramina) between each vertebra. The spine itself has three main segments: the cervical spine, the thoracic spine, and the lumbar spine.
What is the lower part of your spine called?
The bottom of the spine is called the sacrum. It is made up of several vertebral bodies usually fused together as one. The remaining small bones or ossicles below the sacrum are also fused together and called the tailbone or coccyx.
What are the parts of a spine?
The spine is composed of 33 bones, called vertebrae, divided into five sections: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine sections, and the sacrum and coccyx bones. The cervical section of the spine is made up of the top seven vertebrae in the spine, C1 to C7, and is connected to the base of the skull.
What is the structure of spinal cord?
Spinal cord and nerves: The spinal cord is a column of nerves that travels through the spinal canal. The cord extends from the skull to the lower back. Thirty-one pairs of nerves branch out through vertebral openings (the neural foramen). These nerves carry messages between the brain and muscles.
What part of spine controls bowels?
The lowest part of the spinal cord is the sacral spinal cord. Bladder function, bladder and bowel external sphincters, sexual functions (including erections and ejaculation in men and responsiveness in women), and some leg muscles are the domain of the sacral spinal cord.
What part of the spine can paralyze you?
Injury and severity
A lower injury to the spinal cord may cause paralysis affecting the legs and lower body (called paraplegia). A spinal cord injury can damage a few, many, or almost all of the nerve fibers that cross the site of injury.