A bone-density test is a way to measure the strength of your bones. The test, called a DEXA scan, is a kind of X-ray. Many people get a bone-density test every few years. The main reason to have the test is to find and treat serious bone loss, called osteoporosis, and prevent fractures and disability.
How do you get tested for osteoporosis?
To diagnose osteoporosis and assess your risk of fracture and determine your need for treatment, your doctor will most likely order a bone density scan. This exam is used to measure bone mineral density (BMD). It is most commonly performed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) or bone densitometry.
What is the most accurate test for osteoporosis?
The bone mineral density (BMD) test is the primary test used to identify osteoporosis and low bone mass. One of the preferred and most accurate ways to measure BMD is Dexa-Scan (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry or DXA). It uses a low energy X-ray to evaluate bone density in the hip and/or spine.
Would osteoporosis show up in a blood test?
If you are being investigated for osteoporosis, a blood sample may be taken to measure certain mineral and hormone levels. Blood calcium levels are usually normal in osteoporosis. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), an enzyme from liver and bone, usually shows normal activity in osteoporosis.
What are the first signs of osteoporosis?
- Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra.
- Loss of height over time.
- A stooped posture.
- A bone that breaks much more easily than expected.
What are the warning signs of osteoporosis?
Once osteoporosis has set in and your bones have weakened, watch for these three warning signs: A stooped posture and even a loss of height over time. Back pain that could be caused by a collapsed or fractured vertebra in your back. A bone that breaks more easily than expected.
What is a bad t-score for osteoporosis?
A t-score less than or equal to -2.5 in any bone indicates osteoporosis. Osteopenia, decreased bone density not considered low enough to constitute OP, is diagnosed with a score between -1.0 to -2.5. Normal readings are greater than -1.0. Treatment is warranted with an osteoporosis diagnosis.
At what age should you stop getting bone density tests?
Women should get a bone scan at age 65. Men age 70 and up may want to talk with their doctors about the risks and benefits before deciding. Younger women, and men ages 50 to 69, should consider the test if they have risk factors for serious bone loss.
What does osteoporosis pain feel like?
Sudden, severe back pain that gets worse when you are standing or walking with some relief when you lie down. Trouble twisting or bending your body, and pain when you do. Loss of height.
Can osteoporosis be seen on xray?
X-rays alone cannot tell your doctor whether you have osteoporosis, but they can reveal minor fractures in the spine that might be a result of the condition. If your doctor notices these, he or she may recommend a bone density test to obtain additional information about your bone health.
Can a urine test detect osteoporosis?
Urinary N-telopeptide can give reproducible results and be able to assist in the evaluation of quality of bone and osteoporosis and be a good judge of someone’s risk of fracture. Hence, urinary N-telopeptide can be considered as a new diagnostic tool for diagnosing osteoporosis.
How is osteoporosis treated once it has been diagnosed?
This is the newest bone-building medication to treat osteoporosis. It is given as an injection every month at your doctor’s office and is limited to one year of treatment.