Spinal cord injury is associated with a risk of developing secondary conditions that can be debilitating and even life-threatening—e.g. deep vein thrombosis, urinary tract infections, muscle spasms, osteoporosis, pressure ulcers, chronic pain, and respiratory complications.
What is the most severe complication of a spinal cord injury?
Frequent complications of cervical and high thoracic SCI are neurogenic shock, bradyarrhythmias, hypotension, ectopic beats, abnormal temperature control and disturbance of sweating, vasodilatation and autonomic dysreflexia.
Why are spinal cord injuries so dangerous?
The spinal cord contains the nerves that carry messages between your brain and the rest of the body. The cord passes through your neck and back. A spinal cord injury is very serious because it can cause loss of movement (paralysis) and sensation below the site of the injury.
How does spinal cord injury affect the body?
Spinal cord injuries can be complete or incomplete (partial): Complete: A complete injury causes total paralysis (loss of function) below the level of the injury. It affects both sides of the body. A complete injury may cause paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia) or the lower half of the body (paraplegia).
Can you fully recover from a spinal cord injury?
In very rare cases, people with spinal cord injury will regain some functioning years after the injury. However, only a small fraction of individuals sustaining a spinal cord injury recover all function.
What part of spine is most prone to injury?
Understandably, the lumbar spine is the most commonly injured region of the spinal column. The lowest portion of the spine, the part that is connected to the pelvis, is called the sacrum.
Which complications can be observed in a patient with a lumbar cord injury?
Complications of Spinal Cord Injury
- Autonomic Dysreflexia.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis.
- Heterotopic Ossification.
- Pressure Sores.
How can you prevent spinal cord injury complications?
How can you help prevent medical spinal cord injury complications…
- Communication. Communicating is important to all of us. …
- Keep the lungs clear. Take deep breaths and cough often. …
- DVT prevention. …
- Nutrition. …
- Skin care. …
- Bowel and bladder control. …
- Muscle maintenance. …
- Heterotopic ossification.
Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?
Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.
What part of the spine controls the heart?
Thoracic (mid back) – the main function of the thoracic spine is to hold the rib cage and protect the heart and lungs. The twelve thoracic vertebrae are numbered T1 to T12.
What are the symptoms of spinal cord problem?
Symptoms of a Spinal Cord Disorder
- Weakness or paralysis of limbs.
- Loss of sensation.
- Changes in reflexes.
- Loss of urinary or bowel control.
- Uncontrolled muscle spasms.
- Back pain.