An increase of white blood cells indicates infection, inflammation, or bleeding into the cerebrospinal fluid. Some causes include: Abscess. Encephalitis. Hemorrhage.
What causes high white blood cell count in spinal fluid?
White blood cell (WBC) count—normally very few white blood cells are present. A significant increase in white blood cells in the CSF can be caused by infection or inflammation of the central nervous system.
What does blood in spinal fluid indicate?
If the CSF looks bloody or red, it may be a sign of bleeding or spinal cord obstruction. If it is brown, orange, or yellow, it may be a sign of increased CSF protein or previous bleeding (more than 3 days ago). There may be blood in the sample that came from the spinal tap itself.
What does high glucose in spinal fluid mean?
Abnormal results include higher and lower glucose levels. Abnormal results may be due to: Infection (bacterial or fungus) Inflammation of the central nervous system. Tumor.
What autoimmune disease causes high white blood cells?
A high white blood count may mean you have one of the following conditions: A bacterial or viral infection. An inflammatory disease such as rheumatoid arthritis.
What does bacteria in spinal fluid mean?
Bacteria or other germs found in the sample may be a sign of meningitis. This is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. The infection can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses.
Does a lumbar puncture confirm MS?
A lumbar puncture is a common test used to diagnose MS, and it’s a relatively simple test to perform. It’s generally the first step in determining whether you have MS if you’re showing symptoms. Your doctor will determine whether further tests are needed to confirm a diagnosis.
What does spinal fluid look like with meningitis?
Lumbar puncture (LP) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings in bacterial meningitis include the following: Appearance: Clear, cloudy, or purulent. Opening pressure: Elevated (>25 cm H2 O) WBC count: >100 cells/µL (>90% PMN); partially treated cases may have as low as 1 WBC/µL.
How long is recovery from a lumbar puncture?
The headache typically starts several hours up to two days after the procedure and may be accompanied by nausea, vomiting and dizziness. The headaches are usually present when sitting or standing and resolve after lying down. Post-lumbar puncture headaches can last from a few hours to a week or more.