This term is used to describe ‘excessive’ (hyper) curvature exceeding the normal range. Hyperkyphosis occurs in the thoracic spine.
What is kyphosis and its causes?
Poor posture in childhood, such as slouching, leaning back in chairs and carrying heavy schoolbags, can cause the ligaments and muscles that support the vertebrae to stretch. This can pull the thoracic vertebrae out of their normal position, resulting in kyphosis.
Is kyphosis a diagnosis?
Kyphosis can usually be diagnosed by examining your spine and taking an X-ray.
Which muscles are weak in kyphosis?
When we allow our shoulders to round forward (known as kyphosis), our anterior muscles (pectoralis major and minor) become tight due to always being in a shortened state while our posterior shoulder muscles (trapezius, rhomboids, and rotator cuff muscles) become lengthened and weak.
What are the causes of kyphosis?
Common causes of kyphosis
- aging, especially if you have poor posture.
- muscle weakness in the upper back.
- Scheuermann’s disease, which occurs in children and has no known cause.
- arthritis or other bone degeneration diseases.
- osteoporosis, or the loss of bone strength due to age.
- injury to the spine.
- slipped discs.
What is the best treatment for kyphosis?
Treatment for postural kyphosis and Scheuermann’s kyphosis may include regular X-rays to monitor the curve, physical therapy and, in some cases, a back brace. For congenital kyphosis (and severe Scheuermann’s kyphosis), spinal fusion surgery can relieve pain and correct the curvature.
What organs does kyphosis affect?
Severe cases of kyphosis can affect the nerves, lungs, organs, and tissue with pain and other issues. In very severe cases, the spine can cause the rib cage to press against the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. The extent of effects caused by kyphosis depends on the underlying condition and age.
Does kyphosis affect height?
Height loss is a normal physical change with aging, but excessive height loss is due to spinal kyphosis and scoliosis leading to spinal malalignment. Our findings suggest that height loss might be an early physical symptom for spinal malalignment.
How can kyphosis be prevented?
Can kyphosis be prevented?
- avoid slouching.
- sit correctly – sit upright, ensuring that the small of the back is supported.
- avoid carrying heavy schoolbags that can pull on the back muscles and ligaments; the best schoolbags are well-designed backpacks.
What causes kyphosis in adults?
Osteoporosis is the most common cause of kyphosis in adults. It is much more common in women than men, due to losses of estrogen in menopausal and postmenopausal women. Kyphosis can be effectively treated. Methods of treatment have evolved over time.