Severe cases of kyphosis can affect the nerves, lungs, organs, and tissue with pain and other issues. In very severe cases, the spine can cause the rib cage to press against the lungs, making it difficult to breathe. The extent of effects caused by kyphosis depends on the underlying condition and age.
What muscles are affected by thoracic kyphosis?
Kyphosis increases tension in the shoulder muscles, including the pectoralis major, subclavius, and pectoralis minor, and the shoulders show excessive internal rotation. Also, the rotator cuff muscles responsible for stability are weakened1, 2).
What can kyphosis lead to?
Kyphosis can lead to excess pressure on the spine, causing pain. It may also lead to breathing difficulties due to pressure put on the lungs. Kyphosis in older women is known as dowager’s hump.
What happens if kyphosis is left untreated?
As with postural kyphosis, the condition is usually diagnosed in adolescence. When left untreated, Scheuermann’s kyphosis can progress. Accompanying pain and cosmetic deformity can also be anticipated.
Is kyphosis a disability?
Kyphosis is not usually the direct cause of significant disability, but like scoliosis, it can cause discomfort, pain and lost productivity when it happens in conjunction with other serious conditions or injuries.
What muscles are weak with kyphosis?
When we allow our shoulders to round forward (known as kyphosis), our anterior muscles (pectoralis major and minor) become tight due to always being in a shortened state while our posterior shoulder muscles (trapezius, rhomboids, and rotator cuff muscles) become lengthened and weak.
What is the best treatment of kyphosis?
- Over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen or paracetamol, can help relieve any back pain.
- Regular exercise and a course of physiotherapy may be recommended to help strengthen the muscles in your back.
Does kyphosis affect height?
Excessive thoracic kyphosis puts you at higher risk for spinal fractures, neck pain, low back pain, breathing difficulties and even digestive problems. The good news is that by restoring your posture, you can increase your height and improve the way you look in a relatively short period of time.
What causes kyphosis in adults?
Osteoporosis is the most common cause of kyphosis in adults. It is much more common in women than men, due to losses of estrogen in menopausal and postmenopausal women. Kyphosis can be effectively treated. Methods of treatment have evolved over time.