Spinal cord contusion (SCC) is an injury caused by crushing of the cord with part of its tissue spared, particularly the ventral nerve fibers connecting the spinal cord rostral and caudal to the injury remain physically intact (Beattie and Bresnaham, 2000).
How serious is a spinal contusion?
A contusion can cause spinal compression, which happens when there is pressure on the spinal cord. This can go on to cause an array of physical symptoms such as loss of sensation in the feet, inability to use the hands and loss of sexual ability.
Can you recover from a spinal contusion?
Minor bruising may go away over time, although full recovery sometimes takes weeks or months. More serious injuries often will result in permanent loss of function.
How long does a spinal contusion take to heal?
The majority of recovery occurs within the first six months after injury. Any remaining loss of function present after 12 months is much more likely to become permanent. Maintaining a positive outlook is extremely important for patients with spinal cord injury.
What are the signs and symptoms of a contusion?
Contusions cause swelling and pain and can limit joint range of motion near the injury. Torn blood vessels may cause bluish discoloration. The injured muscle may feel weak and stiff. Sometimes a pool of blood collects within damaged tissue, forming a lump over the injury (hematoma).
Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?
Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.
How do you know if your back injury is serious?
What are the symptoms of serious back injury?
- difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.
- problems with urinating or passing stool (poo)
- numbness or pins and needles to the arms, legs, hands or feet.
- blood in the urine.
How long do spinal cord injury patients live?
Individuals aged 60 years at the time of injury have a life expectancy of approximately 7.7 years (patients with high tetraplegia), 9.9 years (patients with low tetraplegia), and 12.8 years (patients with paraplegia).
Does CBD oil help spinal cord injury?
After a spinal cord injury in the acute phase, researchers have discovered that cannabis can stimulate a neuroprotective response, helping activate two important sectors CB1 and CB2, which helps promote spontaneous recovery. These findings were discovered in a 2012 study in Spain.
What do contusion mean?
Contusion is the medical term for a bruise. It is the result of a direct blow or an impact, such as a fall. Contusions are common sports injuries. Most people think of a bruise as a black-and-blue spot. This happens when small blood vessels get torn and leak blood under the skin.