flexion, extension, hyperextension, abduction, adduction, horizontal abduction & adduction, internal (medial) and external (lateral) rotation, circumduction.
What are the motions of the cervical spine?
The cervical spine’s range of motion is approximately 80° to 90° of flexion, 70° of extension, 20° to 45° of lateral flexion, and up to 90° of rotation to both sides.
What are the major movements allowed by cervical thoracic and lumbar vertebrae?
The following movements of the vertebral column are possible: flexion, extension, lateral flexion and rotation (torsion).
What are the 5 movements of the lumbar spine?
There are 5 major movements that the spine makes:
Extension, rounds the spine back. Rotation, twists the spine. Side bending/Lateral flexion of the spine. Axial extension, decompresses and vertically elongates the spine.
What movements are possible in the thoracic spine?
The angles of the joints in the thoracic spine allow for motion in all planes: rotation, flexion/extension, and lateral flexion. However, the ribs block excessive lateral flexion from occurring. Sagittal plane flexion and extension is also available in the region of the thoracic spine.
Which spinal nerves affect which parts of the body?
The nerves of the cervical spine go to the upper chest and arms. The nerves in your thoracic spine go to your chest and abdomen. The nerves of the lumbar spine then reach to your legs, bowel, and bladder. These nerves coordinate and control all the body’s organs and parts, and let you control your muscles.
Why is the cervical spine the most mobile?
The cervical spine is much more mobile than the thoracic or lumbar regions of the spine. Unlike the other parts of the spine, the cervical spine has transverse foramina in each vertebra for the vertebral arteries that supply blood to the brain.
What movement is most limited in the lumbar spine?
Mobility of the lumbar spine (Fig. 3) is greatest during flexion/extension movements (cumulative mobility in segments L1-5: 57°) and more limited during lateral bending (L1-5: 26°) and axial rotation (L1-5: 8°) (31).
What movement is limited in the lumbar spine?
More distally, at the lumbosacral level, the joint line has a more coronal plane, which makes rotational movements potentially possible, but these are limited by the iliolumbar ligaments. The total range of rotation in the lumbar spine is therefore very limited, although not completely zero.
How can I make my spine more flexible?
Bend your knees and keep a straight back when picking up your weight. Place your feet shoulder-width apart, holding the weight with both hands. Relax your arms, and curl your back over as if you were trying to touch your toes. Keep your legs and arms straight during the entire stretch.
How do you relax your thoracic muscles?
- Sit on the floor.
- Place the block or roller on the floor behind the body. …
- For a deeper stretch, extend the arms above the head while bending the body backward.
- Take a few deep breaths and let the back and shoulder muscles relax.
- Repeat this several times.