There are four types of spinal cord injury: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral. The spinal cord is surrounded by rings of bone called vertebra. These bones constitute the spinal column (back bones). In general, the higher in the spinal column the injury occurs, the more dysfunction a person will experience.
What are the most common types of spinal cord injuries?
According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.
What are the 6 common causes of spinal cord injuries?
The most common causes of spinal cord injuries in the United States are:
- Motor vehicle accidents. Auto and motorcycle accidents are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries, accounting for almost half of new spinal cord injuries each year.
- Falls. …
- Acts of violence. …
- Sports and recreation injuries. …
- Alcohol. …
What are the 2 main commonly injured areas of the spine?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.
What are the symptoms of spinal cord problem?
Symptoms of a Spinal Cord Disorder
- Weakness or paralysis of limbs.
- Loss of sensation.
- Changes in reflexes.
- Loss of urinary or bowel control.
- Uncontrolled muscle spasms.
- Back pain.
What is the difference between spinal injury and spinal cord injury?
SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. A person can “break their back or neck” yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones around the spinal cord (the vertebrae) are damaged, but the spinal cord is not affected.
Can you recover from a C4 spinal injury?
Much of the success of a patient’s C4 spinal cord injury recovery is dependent on the level of medical care they receive immediately following the incident. The neck and spinal cord must be stabilized as much as possible, and medications or surgery may be necessary to help reduce swelling and inflammation.
What are common causes of spinal cord injuries?
The leading causes of spinal cord injury are road traffic crashes, falls and violence (including attempted suicide). A significant proportion of traumatic spinal cord injury is due to work or sports-related injuries.
How long does it take to walk after spinal cord injury?
The time period a patient needs to rehabilitate depends on the patient’s injury and ability to heal. Some patients can take a few weeks to regain the ability to walk, while others take several months or longer.
How serious is spinal cord compression?
Without treatment, spinal cord compression can cause damage to the spinal nerves, which can result in loss of bladder or bowel control or paralysis. If you experience sudden inability to control your bladder or bowels, or if you have severe weakness or numbness, you should seek medical care immediately.