A fracture or dislocation of a vertebra can cause bone fragments to pinch and damage the spinal nerves or spinal cord. Most spinal fractures occur from car accidents, falls, gunshot, or sports.
What are the causes of spinal fracture?
Spinal fractures may occur due to a variety of factors. The most common cause is related to trauma such as high velocity car accidents, fall from height, or high impact sports. Other causes may include pathologic fractures related to osteoporosis or cancer.
How do spinal fractures happen?
Trauma to the spinal vertebrae can also lead to minor or severe fractures. Such trauma could come from a fall, a forceful jump, a car accident, or any event that stresses the spine past its breaking point. Another cause of vertebral fractures is a metastatic disease.
How can spinal fractures be prevented?
Natural ways to prevent compression fractures include taking calcium supplements, getting more vitamin D, quitting smoking, preventing falls, and doing weight-bearing and strength-building exercises. You can also take medications to halt or slow osteoporosis, including: Bisphosphonate drugs.
Can you walk with a fractured spine?
Depending on how severe your injury is, you may experience pain, difficulty walking, or be unable to move your arms or legs (paralysis). Many fractures heal with conservative treatment; however severe fractures may require surgery to realign the bones.
How long does a spine fracture take to heal?
Vertebral fractures usually take about three months to fully heal. X-rays will probably be taken monthly to check on the healing progress.
How is a spinal fracture treated?
Most fractures are treated with immobilization in a brace or corset for up to 12 weeks. Bracing helps to reduce pain and prevent deformity.
Can you survive a broken spine?
+What is the life expectancy of someone with a spinal cord injury? The life expectancy of someone with a spinal cord injury can vary depending on level of injury. Overall, 85% of people with spinal cord injury who survive the first 24 hours are still alive 10 years later.
What exercises can you do with a fractured spine?
Example of Exercise Program:
|Bridging in supine Knee bent and feet flat on ground. Pushing through feet to lift back and pelvis off ground||5-10 sec hold × 5||1-2 3×/week|
|Hip extension in prone 8-10 reps × 2 3-10 Raising one leg off the ground and then the other||8-10 reps × 2||3-10 3×/week|
How do you prevent an osteoporotic fracture?
Steps to prevent fragile bones
- Consume adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D (see “Recommended Calcium and Vitamin D Intake” chart).
- Exercise several times a week.
- Ask your doctor about a bone mineral density test.
- Ask about medications to slow bone loss and reduce fracture risk.
What are lumbar spine precautions?
Spinal precautions, also known as spinal immobilization and spinal motion restriction, are efforts to prevent movement of the spine in those with a risk of a spine injury. This is done as an effort to prevent injury to the spinal cord.