What are the complication of spinal anesthesia?
The most common are postdural puncture headache and hypotension. Hypotension after spinal anesthesia is a physiological consequence of sympathetic blockade. The diagnoses and management of these sequelae are discussed.
What is the most common side effect of spinal anesthesia?
A headache is the most common side effect of spinal anesthesia. It can usually be treated easily. Headaches are less common with epidural anesthesia. Epidural and spinal anesthesia are usually combined with other medicines that make you relaxed or sleepy (sedatives) or relieve pain (analgesics).
How long is the effect of spinal anesthesia?
The length of time that the spinal anaesthetic takes to wear off will depend on the medications that the anaesthetist uses for the spinal anaesthetic. Usually the block will have worn off in four hours and you will be able to get out of bed six hours after the spinal anaesthetic.
Which is safer general or spinal anesthesia?
In patients undergoing primary THA there is a great amount of evidence to support that spinal anesthesia is associated with lower risk than general anesthesia [3, 8–11, 13, 28, 29, 38].
Why is spinal anesthesia better than general?
Patients undergoing general anesthesia are completely unconscious, and they typically need to use breathing tubes and inhale gas. Spinal anesthesia allows us to avoid some of these procedural elements.
Is it normal to have back pain after spinal anesthesia?
Reasons for back pain in spinal anesthesia
Occurring in approximately 13% of those receiving a spinal anesthetic, a post-spinal backache may occur secondary to a localized inflammatory response, often associated with a degree of muscle spasm. The backache is usually self-limited, lasting from a few days up to a week.
Does spinal anesthesia cause back pain?
The incidence of back pain is higher after epidural anesthesia compared with spinal anesthesia (level 2). Back pain after spinal or epidural anesthesia is mild in intensity and decreases with time (level 1). Preexisting low back pain is a risk factor for persistent back pain after neuraxial anesthesia.
Can spinal anesthesia cause death?
Although considered simple to perform and a relatively safe technique, life-threatening complications do occur under spinal anesthesia [1, 2]. In the literature, the reported incidence of cardiac arrest is 1.3–18 in 10,000 patients [3–5].
Can spinal anesthesia cause nerve damage?
Nerve damage is a rare complication of spinal or epidural injection. In the majority of cases, a single nerve is affected, giving a numb area on the skin or limited muscle weakness. These effects are usually temporary with full recovery occurring within days or a few weeks.
What is the safest type of anesthesia?
The safest type of anesthesia is local anesthesia, an injection of medication that numbs a small area of the body where the procedure is being performed. Rarely, a patient will experience pain or itching where the medication was injected.
Is Spinal Anaesthesia safe?
Spinal and epidural anesthesia are generally safe. Ask your doctor about these possible complications: Allergic reaction to the anesthesia used. Bleeding around the spinal column (hematoma)