What are the main types of spinal cord injuries?

What are the most common types of spinal cord injuries?

According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.

What are some different spinal cord injuries?

There are four types of spinal cord injury: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral. The spinal cord is surrounded by rings of bone called vertebra. These bones constitute the spinal column (back bones). In general, the higher in the spinal column the injury occurs, the more dysfunction a person will experience.

What is the most commonly injured spinal cord level?

Most patients and even many doctors do not understand how discrepant the vertebral and spinal cord levels can get in the lower spinal cord. EXAMPLE. The most common thoracic spinal cord injury involves T11 and T12.

What are the symptoms of spinal cord problem?

Symptoms of a Spinal Cord Disorder

  • Weakness or paralysis of limbs.
  • Loss of sensation.
  • Changes in reflexes.
  • Loss of urinary or bowel control.
  • Uncontrolled muscle spasms.
  • Back pain.
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What is C4 spinal injury?

A C4 spinal cord injury occurs when damage is dealt about mid-way down the cervical spinal cord — the topmost portion of the spinal cord that is located in the neck and upper shoulders.

What is the difference between spinal injury and spinal cord injury?

SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. A person can “break their back or neck” yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones around the spinal cord (the vertebrae) are damaged, but the spinal cord is not affected.

Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?

Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.

Can the spinal cord repair itself?

Unlike tissue in the peripheral nervous system, that in the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain) does not repair itself effectively.

What is the most common location of spinal injuries?

The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults.

How long does it take to walk after spinal cord injury?

The time period a patient needs to rehabilitate depends on the patient’s injury and ability to heal. Some patients can take a few weeks to regain the ability to walk, while others take several months or longer.

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