What are the major diseases of the musculoskeletal system?

What are the 7 most common diseases of the skeletal system?

The musculoskeletal system consists of the body’s bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and cartilage.

  • Back Pain. Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the United States. …
  • Bursitis. …
  • Fibromyalgia. …
  • Fibrous Dysplasia. …
  • Growth Plate Injuries. …
  • Hip Replacement Surgery. …
  • Marfan Syndrome. …
  • Osteogenesis Imperfecta.

What are 3 common diseases of the skeletal system?

Five Common Skeletal Diseases

  • Do you suffer from chronic pain caused by a disease of the bones or joints? There is likely a cause and a treatment plan available to help you manage or alleviate your pain all together. …
  • Osteoporosis. …
  • Paget’s Disease. …
  • Rickets. …
  • Hip Dysplasia.

What is the most common disease in the muscular system?

Common primary muscle disorders include inflammatory myopathies, including polymyositis, which is characterized by inflammation and progressive weakening of the skeletal muscles; dermatomyositis, which is polymyositis accompanied by a skin rash; and inclusion body myositis, which is characterized by progressive muscle …

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What are some problems with the skeletal system?

Other common conditions that affect the skeletal system include: Osteoporosis: This is a disease in which the bones become fragile and prone to fracture. Leukemia: This is a cancer of the white blood cells. Osteopenia, osteitis deformans, and osteomalacia: Similar to osteoporosis, these are other types of bone loss.

What are two skeletal system disorders?

A number of disorders affect the skeletal system, including bone fractures and bone cancers. However, the two most common disorders of the skeletal system are osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. At least ten million people in the United States have osteoporosis, and more than 8 million of them are women.

What is the most common inherited skeletal disorder?

Other single gene disorders almost exclusively affect the skeleton. These disorders are the skeletal dysplasias and 372 have been documented. These disorders are classified using radiographic, clinical, and molecular data. The most common dysplasias are osteogenesis imperfecta, achondroplasia, and osteopetrosis.

What disease eats away at your muscles?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases characterized by weakness and wasting away of muscle tissue, with or without the breakdown of nerve tissue.

What disease attacks the muscles?

Myositis (my-o-SY-tis) is a rare type of autoimmune disease that inflames and weakens muscle fibers. Autoimmune diseases occur when the body’s own immune system attacks itself. In the case of myositis, the immune system attacks healthy muscle tissue, which results in inflammation, swelling, pain, and eventual weakness.

What diseases affect joints and muscles?

Multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and polymyalgia rheumatica are three types of autoimmune disorders that affect the muscles, joints, and nerves. Autoimmune disorders occur when the body’s own immune system goes haywire and starts attacking healthy tissue.

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What are the most common test used to diagnose musculoskeletal system disorders?

X-rays are typically done first. They are most valuable for detecting abnormalities in bone and are taken to evaluate painful, deformed, or suspected abnormal areas of bone. Often, x-rays can help to diagnose fractures , tumors , injuries, infections, and deformities (such as developmental dysplasia of the hip ).

What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders?

Musculoskeletal pain affects bones, joints, ligaments, tendons or muscles. An injury such as a fracture may cause sudden, severe pain.

Common symptoms include:

  • Aching and stiffness.
  • Burning sensations in the muscles.
  • Fatigue.
  • Muscle twitches.
  • Pain that worsens with movement.
  • Sleep disturbances.

What are the symptoms of myositis?

The main symptom of myositis is muscle weakness. The weakness may be noticeable or may only be found with testing. Muscle pain (myalgias) may or may not be present.

Symptoms of Myositis

  • Rash.
  • Fatigue.
  • Thickening of the skin on the hands.
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Difficulty breathing.
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