The jawbone is unusual because the teeth provide a direct entry point for infection. Malignancy, radiation therapy, osteoporosis, and Paget’s disease increase a person’s risk of osteomyelitis of the jaw. A sinus, gum, or tooth infection can spread to the skull.
What is the main cause of osteomyelitis?
Most cases of osteomyelitis are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, types of germs commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. Germs can enter a bone in a variety of ways, including: The bloodstream.
Is osteomyelitis of the jaw serious?
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone and most commonly affects the bones of the extremities, spine, and pelvis. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is rarely affected by this condition, but when it is, serious problems with the bones of the face and jaw can result.
What happens if osteomyelitis goes untreated?
Osteomyelitis is a bacterial, or fungal, infection of the bone. Osteomyelitis affects about 2 out of every 10,000 people. If left untreated, the infection can become chronic and cause a loss of blood supply to the affected bone. When this happens, it can lead to the eventual death of the bone tissue.
What does osteomyelitis pain feel like?
Sometimes, bone lesions can cause pain in the affected area. This pain is usually described as dull or aching and may worsen during activity. The person may also experience fever and night sweats. In addition to pain, some cancerous bone lesions can cause stiffness, swelling, or tenderness in the affected area.
How quickly does osteomyelitis spread?
Symptoms of Osteomyelitis
Acute osteomyelitis develops rapidly over a period of seven to 10 days.
What bone is the most common site of osteomyelitis?
Osteomyelitis can be the result of a spreading infection in the blood (hematogenous) and occurs more often in children than adults. In prepubescent children, it usually affects the long bones: the tibia and the femur. The most common site of infection is the metaphysis, which is the narrow portion of the long bone).
Does osteomyelitis ever go away?
Osteomyelitis is a painful bone infection. It usually goes away if treated early with antibiotics. If not, it can cause permanent damage.
Is osteomyelitis of the jaw curable?
In the acute osteomyelitis, vascular compromise caused by the infective process occurs early in the course of the disease, making a cure unlikely unless medical management with the appropriate antibiotic is instituted within the first 3 days after the onset of the symptoms .
How serious is a jaw bone infection?
If it is not treated immediately, the infection can travel into the jawbone and cause serious health issues. Symptoms of a jaw bone infection or dental abscess include: Pain in the mouth or jaw. Redness or swelling.
Is osteomyelitis an emergency?
Osteomyelitis can present to the emergency department as an acute, subacute, or chronic orthopedic concern.
Can you feel a bone infection?
General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise) Local swelling, redness, and warmth. Open wound that may show pus. Pain at the site of infection.
Will amoxicillin treat a jaw infection?
As the Mayo Clinic notes, your dentist may prescribe an antibiotic such as amoxicillin for abscessed tooth treatment to keep the infection from spreading to nearby teeth, your jaw or other facial structures. They may also recommend an antibiotic for abscessed tooth if you have a weakened immune system.
Can bone infection be cured?
Most cases of osteomyelitis are treatable. Chronic infections of the bone, however, may take longer to treat and heal, especially if they require surgery. Treatment should be aggressive because an amputation can become necessary sometimes. The outlook for this condition is good if the infection is treated early.