Nurses are an integral part of the spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation team and provide significant education to the patient and family about the intricacies of living with SCI, as well as help manage the care process.
What are key points of nursing care following a spinal cord injury?
Initial care – immobilisation:
- Immobilize the entire spine of any patient with known or potential SCI.
- Immobilize neck with a hard collar. …
- Use log roll with adequate personnel to turn patient while maintaining spine alignment.
What does a spinal nurse do?
Duties and Responsibilities Clinical To provide support to individuals who become newly spinal cord injured, offering guidance and support to them/their families that will enable them to acquire the skills and competencies necessary to understand and cope with the challenges they may meet throughout the rehabilitation …
How do you assess a patient with a spinal cord injury?
Diagnostic tests for spinal cord injuries may include a CT scan, MRI or X-ray These tests will help the doctors get a better look at abnormalities within the spinal cord. Your doctor will be able to see exactly where the spinal cord injury has occurred.
What parts of the body can be paralyzed from a spinal injuries?
Also known as quadriplegia, this means that your arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all affected by your spinal cord injury. Paraplegia. This paralysis affects all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.
How do you move a patient with a spinal injury?
Keep the person still. Place heavy towels or rolled sheets on both sides of the neck or hold the head and neck to prevent movement. Avoid moving the head or neck. Provide as much first aid as possible without moving the person’s head or neck.
What are the 6 P’s related to spinal cord injury?
The “6 P’s” are: pulselessness, (ischemic) pain, pallor, paresthesia, paralysis or paresis, and poikilothermia or “polar” (cool extremity).
Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?
Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.
How does a spinal cord injury affect the brain?
Spinal cord injuries can cause widespread and sustained brain inflammation that leads to progressive loss of nerve cells, with associated cognitive problems and depression, researchers have found for the first time.
How do you feed someone with spinal cord injury?
When planning meals, choose whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Also choose a variety of protein foods, such as lean meats, eggs, or legumes (nuts and beans), and low- or nonfat dairy products. Eat less of foods high in fat and sugar. These foods tend to be high in calories, making weight gain more likely.
What is the difference between primary and secondary spinal cord injury?
The primary injury is caused by the initial traumatic event, and the secondary injury is created by a series of biological and functional changes. Your doctor may refer to the later changes as the secondary injury cascade.
How do you perform a spinal test?
Walk across the room to examine abnormalities in your gait (pattern of walking) Bend or flex parts of your spine to assess spinal range of motion (eg, bend forward) Simply stand to identify any problems with balance, posture and/ spinal alignment (such as scoliosis or kyphosis)