The spinal cord contains the nerves that carry messages between your brain and the rest of the body. The cord passes through your neck and back. A spinal cord injury is very serious because it can cause loss of movement (paralysis) and sensation below the site of the injury.
When should you suspect a neck or spine injury?
Assume a person has a spinal injury if: There’s evidence of a head injury with an ongoing change in the person’s level of consciousness. The person complains of severe pain in his or her neck or back. An injury has exerted substantial force on the back or head.
What are the types of spinal injuries?
There are three types of complete spinal cord injuries:
What are the signs and symptoms of spinal injury?
What are the symptoms of a spinal cord injury?
- Weakness in the arms and or legs.
- Decreased sensation in the arms and or legs.
- Loss of bladder or bowel control.
- Severe pain or pressure in the neck or back.
- Unusual lumps along the spine.
- Difficulty breathing.
Under what circumstances should you suspect a spine injury?
A spinal injury should be suspected if the patient has: pain at or below site of injury. loss of sensation, or abnormal sensation such as tingling in hands or feet. loss of movement or impaired movement below site of injury.
What are 5 signs and symptoms of head neck or back trauma?
5 Key Symptoms of a Neck Injury
- General Stiffness. Stiffness is a symptom of many neck injuries. …
- Decreased Range of Motion. Neck injuries can also result in less range of motion – which is often related to general stiffness symptoms above. …
- Headaches and Dizziness. …
- Sprains and Strains. …
- Tingling and Numbness.
What are the 2 main commonly injured areas of the spine?
The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.
What is the most common spinal injury?
According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.
What is the difference between spinal injury and spinal cord injury?
SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. A person can “break their back or neck” yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones around the spinal cord (the vertebrae) are damaged, but the spinal cord is not affected.