Congenital spine abnormalities are disorders of the spine that develop very early in life. Some of these conditions may cause abnormal alignment of the spine. Others may affect the nerves, causing problems in moving the arms or legs, bathroom issues or pain. Many congenital spine disorders are related to spina bifida.
What is the most common congenital spinal defect?
Paraplegia is more common with kyphosis in the upper thoracic area because this is the part of the spinal cord with the poorest collateral circulation (the so-called watershed area of the spinal cord blood supply). In North America, congenital kyphosis is the most common cause of spinal deformity.
What is congenital spine?
What Are Congenital Spine Deformities? Congenital spine deformities are disorders of the spine that develop in a child before birth. The vertebrae don’t form properly very early in fetal development, causing structural problems in the spine and spinal cord.
What are spinal birth defects?
Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. They happen in the first month of pregnancy, often before a woman even knows that she is pregnant. The two most common neural tube defects are spina bifida and anencephaly. In spina bifida, the fetal spinal column doesn’t close completely.
What is the common congenital abnormality of the spine?
Congenital spine abnormalities are disorders of the spine that develop very early in life. Many congenital spine abnormalities are related to spina bifida. Other common congenital spine abnormalities include tethered spinal cord and abnormal spinal alignment such as kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis.
What is Klippel Feil syndrome?
Klippel-Feil Syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the congenital fusion of two or more cervical (neck) vertebrae. It is caused by a failure in the normal segmentation or division of the cervical vertebrae during the early weeks of fetal development.
What is the main cause of spina bifida?
The exact cause of spina bifida is unknown. There is no cure but most people with spina bifida lead long and productive lives. Scientists suspect genetic, nutritional, and environmental factors all play a role in spina bifida. People with spina bifida have different abilities and medical issues.
Can you tell if baby has spina bifida ultrasound?
Fetal ultrasound is the most accurate method to diagnose spina bifida in your baby before delivery. Ultrasound can be performed during the first trimester (11 to 14 weeks) and second trimester (18 to 22 weeks). Spina bifida can be accurately diagnosed during the second trimester ultrasound scan.
Is spina bifida a disability?
Spina bifida is a disease that affects children and can be very disabling. If your child has spina bifida, he or she may qualify for SSI disability benefits by applying through Social Security.
Can spina bifida cause problems later in life?
Individuals born with spina bifida (myelomeningocele) face serious physical and social consequences, including paralysis, insensate skin, and potential social ostracism associated with loss of bowel and bladder control. Over time, muscle paralysis can produce contractures, joint dislocations, and spinal deformity.
Can spina bifida be corrected?
Currently, there is no cure for spina bifida, but there are a number of treatments available to help manage the disease and prevent complications. In some cases, if diagnosed before birth, the baby can undergo surgery while still in the womb in an effort to repair or minimize the spinal defect.