The angles of the joints in the thoracic spine allow for motion in all planes: rotation, flexion/extension, and lateral flexion. However, the ribs block excessive lateral flexion from occurring.
What movement is possible in thoracic spine?
Thoracic spine is considered to have a restricted range of motion (ROM) during flexion and extension compared with that of cervical and lumbar spine; ROM of thoracic spine is restricted by the rib cage.
What ranges of motion are possible at the thoracic spine?
Range of Motion
- Flexion: 20-45 degrees.
- Extension: 25-45 degrees.
- Lateral Flexion: 20-40 degrees.
- Rotation: not assessed to due difficulty differentiating from L-spine. …
- Flexion: >2.7 cm.
- Extension: >2.5 cm.
- Thoracolumbar Lateral Flexion: assess distance from middle finger tip to floor (compare side-to-side)
What part of the body does the thoracic spine control?
Thoracic (mid back) – the main function of the thoracic spine is to hold the rib cage and protect the heart and lungs. The twelve thoracic vertebrae are numbered T1 to T12. The range of motion in the thoracic spine is limited. Lumbar (low back) – the main function of the lumbar spine is to bear the weight of the body.
Is thoracic back pain serious?
Thoracic back pain is common throughout life but is not as well studied as neck pain or low back pain. Thoracic back pain is more often due to serious spinal pathology than neck or low back pain but thoracic back pain is also prevalent among healthy individuals without any serious underlying cause.
How do you relax your thoracic muscles?
- Sit on the floor.
- Place the block or roller on the floor behind the body. …
- For a deeper stretch, extend the arms above the head while bending the body backward.
- Take a few deep breaths and let the back and shoulder muscles relax.
- Repeat this several times.
How do you measure the range of motion of the thoracic spine?
Thoracic rotation ROM was measured using 5 measurement techniques: (1) seated rotation test (bar in back), (2) seated rotation test (bar in front), (3) half-kneeling rotation test (bar in back), (4) half-kneeling rotation test (bar in front), and (5) lumbar-locked rotation test.
When should I be concerned about thoracic back pain?
Pain that doesn’t get better after 2-4 weeks of treatment. Pain that is accompanied by severe stiffness in the morning. Changes to the shape of the spine, including the appearance of lumps or bumps. Pins and needles, numbness or weakness of the legs that is severe or gets worse over time.
What causes degeneration of the thoracic spine?
It appears that the aging process, trauma, and arthritis contribute to disc degeneration. Genetic, environmental, and autoimmune factors are also thought to play a role, as are lifestyle factors, such as smoking or strenuous repetitive activities, such as lifting or gymnastics.
What does the thoracic spine affect?
Other than protecting the spinal cord, the vertebrae create joints that allow the spine to bend and twist. The joints of the thoracic spine are important to arm movement, bending over, and other movements.