Injuries usually affect the trunk and legs(also known as paraplegia).
What level of spinal cord injury causes paraplegia?
Lumbar spinal cord injury L1-L5
Lumbar level injuries result in paralysis or weakness of the legs (paraplegia). Loss of physical sensation, bowel, bladder, and sexual dysfunction can occur. However, shoulders, arms, and hand function are usually unaffected.
What part of the spine causes paralysis?
Injury and severity
A lower injury to the spinal cord may cause paralysis affecting the legs and lower body (called paraplegia). A spinal cord injury can damage a few, many, or almost all of the nerve fibers that cross the site of injury. A variety of cells located in and around the injury site may also die.
What nerve causes paraplegia?
Paraplegia is the result of spinal cord damage. The spinal cord is located in the spinal canal and is part of the central nervous system. It passes on information between the brain and the body. If damage occurs, the line is interrupted and usually cannot be restored.
What is the main cause of paraplegia?
What causes paraplegia? Paraplegia is normally caused by injury to your spinal cord or brain that stops signals from reaching your lower body. When your brain cannot send signals to your lower body, it results in paralysis. Many injuries that cause paraplegia are the result of accidents.
How long do spinal cord injury patients live?
Individuals aged 60 years at the time of injury have a life expectancy of approximately 7.7 years (patients with high tetraplegia), 9.9 years (patients with low tetraplegia), and 12.8 years (patients with paraplegia).
Can a spinal cord heal itself?
Unlike tissue in the peripheral nervous system, that in the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain) does not repair itself effectively.
Do all spinal cord injuries cause paralysis?
It is uncommon for anybody to recover from this, although intensive physical therapy and functioning can help strengthen muscles and nerve connections. Paraplegic paralysis is most often caused by spinal cord injuries, and these affect the brain’s ability to send and receive signals from below the site of the injury.
How serious is spinal cord compression?
Without treatment, spinal cord compression can cause damage to the spinal nerves, which can result in loss of bladder or bowel control or paralysis. If you experience sudden inability to control your bladder or bowels, or if you have severe weakness or numbness, you should seek medical care immediately.
What diseases cause paraplegia?
- Severe spinal cord injury.
- Motor neuron disease.
- Cancerous cell growth, tumors or blood clots within spinal cord.
- Spina bifida.
- Prolonged diseases.
- Alcohol addiction.
Is paraplegia a disorder?
Hereditary spastic paraplegia is a general term for a group of rare inherited disorders that cause weakness and stiffness in the leg muscles. Symptoms gradually get worse over time. It’s also known as familial spastic paraparesis or Strümpell-Lorrain syndrome.
How can paraplegia be prevented?
Prevention of paraplegia: what is proven, what is not
- Minimise spinal cord ischaemia time. …
- Preserve spinal cord blood supply. …
- Increase tolerance to ischaemia. …
- Optimisation of spinal cord perfusion. …
- Early detection of spinal cord ischaemia.