In the United States, an estimated 10 million people age 50 years and older have osteoporosis. Most of these people are women, but about 2 million are men. Just over 43 million more people — including 16 million men — have low bone mass, putting them at increased risk for osteoporosis.
Which population is most at risk for osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women — especially older women who are past menopause — are at highest risk.
What group of people does osteoporosis affect?
Osteoporosis does not affect everyone to the same degree. Women, especially older women, are more likely to get the disease than are men. An estimated 35 percent of postmenopausal White women have osteoporosis of the hip, spine, or distal forearm. That said, men, especially elderly men, can and do get osteoporosis.
What age group is most affected by osteoporosis?
The risk for osteoporosis increases with age as BMD declines. Senile osteoporosis is most common in persons aged 70 years or older. Secondary osteoporosis, however, can occur in persons of any age.
What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?
Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:
- Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
- Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
- Poor nutrition and poor general health.
What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?
The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.
Who osteoporosis BMD?
Osteoporosis has been operationally defined on the basis of bone mineral density (BMD) assessment. According to the WHO criteria, osteoporosis is defined as a BMD that lies 2.5 standard deviations or more below the average value for young healthy women (a T-score of <-2.5 SD) (1,6).
What is the life expectancy of a person with osteoporosis?
This excess risk is more pronounced in the first few years on treatment. The average life expectancy of osteoporosis patients is in excess of 15 years in women younger than 75 years and in men younger than 60 years, highlighting the importance of developing tools for long-term management.
What country is osteoporosis most common?
Norway is one of the countries with the highest number of osteoporosis diagnoses per capita.
What foods are bad for osteoporosis?
7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis
- Salt. …
- Caffeine. …
- Soda. …
- Red Meat. …
- Alcohol. …
- Wheat Bran. …
- Liver and Fish Liver Oil.
Is sitting bad for osteoporosis?
“If you have low bone density, however, and you put a lot of force or pressure into the front of the spine — such as in a sit-up or toe touch — it increases your risk of a compression fracture.” Once you have one compression fracture, it can trigger a “cascade of fractures” in the spine, says Kemmis.
What can a woman do to prevent osteoporosis?
Women should get 30 to 40 minutes of physical activity, three to four times each week. This activity should include a combination of resistance training and weight-bearing exercise. Eat a bone-healthy diet. Women should eat foods rich in dietary calcium and protein, along with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Can you increase bone density after 60?
Just 30 minutes of exercise each day can help strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis. Weight-bearing exercises, such as yoga, tai chi, and even walking, help the body resist gravity and stimulate bone cells to grow. Strength-training builds muscles which also increases bone strength.
Can osteoporosis be reversed without medication?
Can osteoporosis be reversed without medications? Your doctor diagnoses osteoporosis based on bone density loss. You can have different degrees of the condition, and catching it early can help you prevent the condition from worsening. You cannot reverse bone loss on your own.
What is the T score for severe osteoporosis?
A T-score of −2.5 or lower indicates that you have osteoporosis. The greater the negative number, the more severe the osteoporosis.
|Osteoporosis||Bone density is 2.5 SD or more below the young adult mean (−2.5 SD or lower).|