What structures of the skeletal system are affected by osteoporosis?

What primary body system does osteoporosis affect?

Osteoporosis means that you have less bone mass and strength. The disease often develops without any symptoms or pain, and it is usually not discovered until the weakened bones cause painful fractures. Most of these are fractures of the hip, wrist and spine.

What happens if osteoporosis is left untreated?

What can happen if osteoporosis is not treated? Osteoporosis that is not treated can lead to serious bone breaks (fractures), especially in the hip and spine. One in three women is likely to have a fracture caused by osteoporosis in her lifetime. Hip fractures can cause serious pain and disability and require surgery.

What are the two medications that may cause osteoporosis after long term use?

The medications most commonly associated with osteoporosis include phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, and primidone. These antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are all potent inducers of CYP-450 isoenzymes.

What foods are bad for osteoporosis?

7 Foods to Avoid When You Have Osteoporosis

  • Salt. …
  • Caffeine. …
  • Soda. …
  • Red Meat. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Wheat Bran. …
  • Liver and Fish Liver Oil.
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What is the best and safest treatment for osteoporosis 2020?

Bisphosphonates are usually the first choice for osteoporosis treatment. These include: Alendronate (Fosamax), a weekly pill. Risedronate (Actonel), a weekly or monthly pill.

How should you sleep with osteoporosis?

What’s the best sleeping position for osteoporosis of the spine? Sleeping on your side or back are both viewed as suitable for those with brittle bones. You may want to avoid sleeping on your stomach because it can cause too much of an arch in the back, which is both unhealthy and uncomfortable.

What kind of pain does osteoporosis cause?

The most common cause of osteoporosis pain is a spinal compression fracture. It can cause: Sudden, severe back pain that gets worse when you are standing or walking with some relief when you lie down. Trouble twisting or bending your body, and pain when you do.

What happens if you don’t take medication for osteoporosis?

You may be able to lower your risk of fractures enough without taking medicines. Or you may feel your risk of fractures is already low enough and medicines aren’t worth taking. You avoid the possible side effects and cost of bisphosphonates. Most of these healthy habits are good for your body for other reasons, too.

What are the first signs of osteoporosis?

Bones that easily fracture: Bone fractures and breaks are often the earliest signs that people experience of osteoporosis. Since your bones have less strength, you are more likely to experience serious bone injuries if you suffer from a fall, or experience other bone trauma.

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What happens to spongy bone in osteoporosis?

With osteoporosis, there is reduced bone density and structure in the spongy bone, as well as thinning of the cortical bone. When your bones have thinned to the point that osteoporosis is diagnosed, the physical structure — and soundness — of your bones has changed. In particular: the cortical bone becomes thinner; and.

What is the strongest predictor of bone density?

Age is the strongest predictor of osteoporosis.

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