What is septic arthritis caused by?
Septic arthritis can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infections. Bacterial infection with Staphylococcus aureus (staph) is the most common cause. Staph commonly lives on even healthy skin.
Which streptococcus causes septic arthritis?
Septic arthritis may be seen at any age. In children, it occurs most often in those younger than 3 years. The hip is often the site of infection in infants. Most cases are caused by the bacteria group B streptococcus.
What arthritis is caused by bacterial invasion?
Septic arthritis, also known as infectious arthritis, represents a direct invasion of a joint space by various microorganisms, most commonly bacteria.
How quickly does septic arthritis develop?
In most cases the symptoms develop within a few days. However, the symptoms can be slower to develop after joint replacement surgery or if you have tuberculosis. At first, the pain and fever may be mild but will gradually get worse.
How long does septic arthritis take to heal?
The average stay in hospital if you have septic arthritis is about 2 weeks. Most people start feeling better quickly once they are given antibiotics.
Can septic arthritis go away on its own?
Infectious arthritis caused by a virus usually goes away on its own with no specific treatment and fungal infections are treated with antifungal medication. Joint Drainage. Many people with infectious arthritis need to have their joint fluid drained.
Is septic arthritis an emergency?
Nongonococcal septic arthritis is a medical emergency that can lead to serious sequelae and mortality. Therefore, prompt recognition and treatment are critical to ensuring a good prognosis.
How can you tell the difference between gout and septic arthritis?
Unlike gout, septic arthritis occurs frequently in the knee: Infection in the knee occurs in 50% of cases. Other areas include the hip, shoulder, wrist, and ankle. In cases in which it is difficult to differentiate, septic arthritis should be ruled out through Gram stain and culture of the synovial fluid.
Can you get strep in your knee?
Infection of a knee joint is a very serious medical condition. A septic (infected) knee is most often caused by bacteria (such as staph or strep), but in rare instances can be caused by other microorganisms.
Can infectious arthritis be cured?
This type of arthritis is almost always curable. If the infection is diagnosed and treated promptly, there is usually no lasting joint damage. If the infection is not treated early, permanent joint damage may result. Bacterial and fungal infections are usually treated with medication.
What does a joint infection feel like?
Symptoms are usually severe and include fever, redness, and swelling at the joint and intense pain that worsens with movement. In infants, symptoms may include a fever, the inability to move the limb with the infected joint, and crying when the infected joint is moved.