Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. Some people call it degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis. It occurs most frequently in the hands, hips, and knees.
What hand joints are affected by osteoarthritis?
OA most commonly affects three parts of the hand: The base of the thumb, where the thumb and wrist join (the trapeziometacarpal [TMC] or carpometacarpal [CMC] joint) The joint closest to the fingertip (the distal interphalangeal [DIP] joint) The middle joint of a finger (the proximal interphalangeal [PIP] joint)
Which joints are not affected by osteoarthritis?
Which joints are affected by osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis primarily affects the weight-bearing joints, that is to say, those of the hip, knee and spine. Some non weight-bearing joints, such as those of the fingers and thumb, can also be affected.
What joints are affected by arthritis?
The joints involved most frequently are the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the hands, the wrists, and small joints of the feet including the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints. The shoulders, elbows, knees, and ankles are also affected in many patients.
Does walking worsen osteoarthritis?
On the one hand you have osteoarthritis of the back and hips, and power walking on hard surfaces is likely to aggravate it. On the other hand you have early osteoporosis, and weight bearing exercise is recommended to delay further bone loss.
What are the 5 worst foods to eat if you have arthritis?
Foods to be avoided in arthritis are:
- Red meat.
- Dairy products.
- Corn, sunflower, safflower, peanut, and soy oils.
- Sugars including sucrose and fructose.
- Fried or grilled foods.
- Refined carbohydrates such as biscuits, white bread, and pasta.
How do you stop osteoarthritis from progressing?
Slowing Osteoarthritis Progression
- Maintain a Healthy Weight. Excess weight puts additional pressure on weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees. …
- Control Blood Sugar. …
- Get Physical. …
- Protect Joints. …
- Choose a Healthy Lifestyle.
What triggers osteoarthritis?
The most common triggers of an OA flare are overdoing an activity or trauma to the joint. Other triggers can include bone spurs, stress, repetitive motions, cold weather, a change in barometric pressure, an infection or weight gain. Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory disease that affects the skin and joints.
How do you test for osteoarthritis?
There is no blood test for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Blood tests are performed to exclude diseases that can cause secondary osteoarthritis, as well as to exclude other arthritis conditions that can mimic osteoarthritis. X-rays of the affected joints are the main way osteoarthritis is identified.
Does arthritis pain hurt all the time?
Overview. Many people who have arthritis or a related disease may be living with chronic pain. Pain is chronic when it lasts three to six months or longer, but arthritis pain can last a lifetime. It may be constant, or it may come and go.
Why is osteoarthritis more common in females?
By far the most important risk factor for osteoarthritis in women, as in men, is obesity. Women who go through menopause often gain weight, and the increased stress on the joints may explain the rise in osteoarthritis seen among women after age 55.