Which of the following are complications of spinal cord injury?

What are complications of spinal cord injury?

Medical Complications in Spinal Cord Injury

  • 1 Introduction.
  • 2 Autonomic Dysfunction. 2.1 Spinal Shock. …
  • 3 Cardiovascular Dysfunction. 3.1 Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. …
  • 4 Respiratory Dysfunction.
  • 5 Gastrointestinal Dysfunction. …
  • 6 Urological Dysfunction. …
  • 7 Sexual Dysfunction. …
  • 8 Bone Metabolism Dysfunction.

Which are possible long term complications of spinal cord injury?

Long-term Effects of Spinal Cord Injuries By Younker Hyde Macfarlane on November 11, 2020

  • Paralysis. One of the most likely, and most devastating, effects of a spinal cord injury is paralysis. …
  • Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a weakening of the bones. …
  • Muscle Spasticity. …
  • Syringomyelia. …
  • Infections. …
  • Depression. …
  • Contact Us.

What are the three types of spinal cord injuries?

There are three types of complete spinal cord injuries:

  • Tetraplegia.
  • Paraplegia.
  • Triplegia.

The “6 P’s” are: pulselessness, (ischemic) pain, pallor, paresthesia, paralysis or paresis, and poikilothermia or “polar” (cool extremity).

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Can you heal from a spinal cord injury?

Recovery, if it occurs, typically starts a week to six months after an injury. The fastest rate of recovery is often seen in the first six months, but some people experience small improvements for up to one to two years.

Is spinal cord injury a chronic illness?

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious medical condition that causes functional, psychological and socioeconomic disorder[1]. Long-term, secondary medical complications are common and play an important role in the continuum of care for patients with SCI[2,3].

What are common causes of spinal cord injuries?

The most common causes of spinal cord injuries in the United States are:

  • Motor vehicle accidents. Auto and motorcycle accidents are the leading cause of spinal cord injuries, accounting for almost half of new spinal cord injuries each year.
  • Falls. …
  • Acts of violence. …
  • Sports and recreation injuries. …
  • Alcohol. …
  • Diseases.

How does paraplegia affect the body?

Paraplegia severely affects mobility in the lower half of the body. It can be the result of a chronic condition or an accident that causes damage to the brain or spinal cord. People with paraplegia may experience complications over time, such as spasticity.

What are the two main commonly injured areas of the spine?

According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC), the two most common types of spinal cord injuries are incomplete tetraplegia and paraplegia, with incomplete spinal cord injuries accounting for more than 65% of all SCIs.

What are the 2 types of spinal cord injuries?

Spinal cord injuries can be divided into two types of injury – complete spinal cord injury vs. incomplete: A complete spinal cord injury causes permanent damage to the area of the spinal cord that is affected. Paraplegia or tetraplegia are results of complete spinal cord injuries.

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What are the 2 main commonly injured areas of the spine?

The most common sites of injury are the cervical and thoracic areas. SCI is a common cause of lifelong (permanent) disability and death in children and adults. The spine has 33 vertebrae.

What is the most common level of spinal cord injury?

SCI typically affects the cervical level of the spinal cord (50%) with the single most common level affected being C5 (1). Other injuries include the thoracic level (35%) and lumbar region (11%).

What is the difference between spinal injury and spinal cord injury?

SCI is very different from back injuries such as ruptured disks, spinal stenosis or pinched nerves. A person can “break their back or neck” yet not sustain a spinal cord injury if only the bones around the spinal cord (the vertebrae) are damaged, but the spinal cord is not affected.

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