Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common type of arthritis.
Which description is associated with osteoarthritis OA )?
Sometimes called wear and tear arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of arthritis. When the smooth cushion between bones (cartilage) breaks down, joints can get painful, swollen and hard to move. OA can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in hands, knees, hips, lower back and neck.
What joints are involved in osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time. Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.
What is the common term for osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is abbreviated as OA or referred to as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease (DJD).
Which assessment finding may be associated with osteoarthritis of the knees?
SIGNS / EXAM FINDINGS: Physical findings in osteoarthritic joints include bony enlargement, crepitus, cool effusions, and decreased range of motion. Tenderness on palpation at the joint line and pain on passive motion are also common, although not unique to OA.
Does walking worsen osteoarthritis?
On the one hand you have osteoarthritis of the back and hips, and power walking on hard surfaces is likely to aggravate it. On the other hand you have early osteoporosis, and weight bearing exercise is recommended to delay further bone loss.
What happens to the joint in osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage in a joint to become stiff and lose its elasticity, making it more susceptible to damage. Over time, the cartilage may wear away in some areas, greatly decreasing its ability to act as a shock absorber. As the cartilage deteriorates, tendons and ligaments stretch, causing pain.
What joints does osteoarthritis affect first?
Which joints are affected by osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis primarily affects the weight-bearing joints, that is to say, those of the hip, knee and spine. Some non weight-bearing joints, such as those of the fingers and thumb, can also be affected.
How do you assess a patient with osteoarthritis?
Imaging. X-rays are typically used to confirm the diagnosis of osteoarthritis. X-rays can reveal assymetric joint space narrowing, osteophytes at the joint margins, joint space narrowing, and subchondral bone sclerosis.