Which three of the following are considered musculoskeletal disorders according to the National Harmonised work health and safety legislation?
joint and bone injuries or degeneration, including injuries to the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, ankle, hands and feet. nerve injuries or compression (e.g. carpal tunnel syndrome) muscular and vascular disorders as a result of hand-arm vibration. soft tissue hernias.
What are the 3 musculoskeletal disorder risk factors?
What are the risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs)?
- Work postures and movements.
- Repetitiveness and pace of work.
- Force of movements.
- Lack of influence or control over one’s job.
- Increase pressure (e.g., to produce more).
- Lack of or poor communication.
What are the 6 musculoskeletal disorders?
Common musculoskeletal disorders include:
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.
- Muscle / Tendon strain.
- Ligament Sprain.
- Tension Neck Syndrome.
- Thoracic Outlet Compression.
- Rotator Cuff Tendonitis.
What are five 5 signs and symptoms of a musculoskeletal injury?
What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal injury?
- Pain in the hands, arms, shoulders, neck, back, legs or feet.
- May include swelling, numbness, tingling and a feeling of heaviness and/or tiredness in the affected area.
- Some workers may experience multiple symptoms due to more than one injury.
What types of disorders are considered musculoskeletal disorders?
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are a group of painful disorders of muscles, tendons, and nerves. Carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, thoracic outlet syndrome, and tension neck syndrome are examples.
What are the 3 most common hazards in health?
Common hazards and risks
- lifting, supporting and moving patients.
- moving and handling equipment such as wheelchairs and trolleys.
- work-related stress.
- occupational violence.
- slips, trips and falls.
- bullying and harassment.
What 2 types of physical issues are associated with musculoskeletal injuries?
Musculoskeletal conditions include conditions that affect:
- joints, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis;
- bones, such as osteoporosis, osteopenia and associated fragility fractures, traumatic fractures;
- muscles, such as sarcopenia;
What are the four steps to identify hazardous manual tasks?
The four steps for managing WHS risks are:
- Step 1 – Identify hazards. Find out what could cause harm. …
- Step 2 – Assess risks. …
- Step 3 – Control risks. …
- Step 4 – Review control measures.
Which job task puts you at higher risk for musculoskeletal disorders?
High Task Repetition
High task repetition, when combined with other risks factors such high force and/or awkward postures, can contribute to the formation of MSD. A job is considered highly repetitive if the cycle time is 30 seconds or less. Material handling tasks with high repetition increases the risk of injury.
What is the main cause of musculoskeletal disorders?
The causes of musculoskeletal pain are varied. Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities. Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain.
What is one of the most common work related musculoskeletal disorders?
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common work- related problem in Europe. Almost 24 % of the EU-25 workers report suffering from backache and 22 % complain about muscular pains. Both conditions are more prevalent in the new Member States, 39 % and 36 % respectively (1).
What are the signs of musculoskeletal disorder?
What are the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain?
- Aching and stiffness.
- Burning sensations in the muscles.
- Muscle twitches.
- Pain that worsens with movement.
- Sleep disturbances.
What are the 7 most common diseases of the skeletal system?
The musculoskeletal system consists of the body’s bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, and cartilage.
- Back Pain. Back pain is one of the most common medical problems in the United States. …
- Bursitis. …
- Fibromyalgia. …
- Fibrous Dysplasia. …
- Growth Plate Injuries. …
- Hip Replacement Surgery. …
- Marfan Syndrome. …
- Osteogenesis Imperfecta.
What are the most common test used to diagnose musculoskeletal system disorders?
X-rays are typically done first. They are most valuable for detecting abnormalities in bone and are taken to evaluate painful, deformed, or suspected abnormal areas of bone. Often, x-rays can help to diagnose fractures , tumors , injuries, infections, and deformities (such as developmental dysplasia of the hip ).