Osteoporosis is a complication of untreated celiac disease. The small intestine is responsible for absorbing important nutrients, such as calcium. Calcium is essential for building and maintaining healthy bones. Even people with celiac disease who consume enough calcium are often deficient in this nutrient.
Why does celiac cause osteoporosis?
Patients with celiac disease may develop osteoporosis because their immune system attacks their bone tissue, according to a study conducted in Scotland. It is the first time an autoimmune response has been shown to cause direct damage to bones, Stuart H.
How does gluten affect osteoporosis?
Low bone density is common in children and adults with celiac disease; however, the risk of osteoporosis is especially high in celiac patients who weren’t diagnosed until adulthood because, as a result of consuming gluten for so long, their small intestines haven’t absorbed enough calcium and vitamin D for an extensive …
Why is calcium low in celiac disease?
Conclusion: Primary intestinal malabsorption of calcium without concomitant vitamin D deficiency is possible in celiac disease because of the preferential involvement of the proximal small intestine early in the disease process.
What organ system is affected by celiac disease?
Overview. Celiac disease is a digestive problem that hurts your small intestine. It stops your body from taking in nutrients from food. You may have celiac disease if you are sensitive to gluten.
Can celiac disease affect your bones?
Among the possible complications of untreated celiac disease is the inability to develop optimal bone mass in children and the loss of bone in adults, both of which increase the risk of osteoporosis. The only treatment for celiac disease is to follow a gluten-free diet.
Is a gluten-free diet good for osteoporosis?
In addition, researchers found that more severe celiac disease was associated with more severe osteoporosis. The study showed that treating individuals with osteoporosis and celiac disease with a gluten-free diet for one year improved their bone mineral density (BMD).
Can celiac disease cause high calcium?
In celiac disease, malabsorption of calcium leads to secondary hyperparathyroidism. It is well recognized that excess parathyroid hormone (PTH) can be associated with bone loss from the appendicular skeleton while axial bone mass is relatively well preserved.
Do celiacs need more calcium?
Maintaining a healthy, balanced and calcium rich gluten free diet is important to help keep your bones healthy and reduce the risk of osteoporosis. People with coeliac disease may have an increased need for calcium compared to the general adult population.
Can celiacs absorb nutrients?
When people with celiac disease eat foods or use products containing gluten, their immune system responds by damaging the small intestine. The tiny, fingerlike protrusions lining the small intestine are damaged or destroyed. Called villi, they normally allow nutrients from food to be absorbed into the bloodstream.
Why do Coeliacs need more calcium?
Why is calcium so important? A diet rich in calcium is important for keeping bones strong and to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is associated with coeliac disease because the lining of the gut is damaged and this reduces the absorption of vitamins and minerals from food, including calcium.
How do they test for celiac?
Two blood tests can help diagnose it: Serology testing looks for antibodies in your blood. Elevated levels of certain antibody proteins indicate an immune reaction to gluten. Genetic testing for human leukocyte antigens (HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8) can be used to rule out celiac disease.
How does hypothyroidism cause osteoporosis?
High levels of thyroid hormones, or hyperthyroidism, cause rapid bone loss, and new bone might not be as strong as the bone lost. This process of increased bone loss over time causes osteoporosis. Hypothyroidism, which slows your body’s metabolism, also slows down your bone’s metabolism.