A lumbar puncture can help diagnose serious infections, such as meningitis; other disorders of the central nervous system, such as Guillain-Barre syndrome and multiple sclerosis; or cancers of the brain or spinal cord.
How painful is a spinal tap?
“Spinal taps are usually uncomfortable but seldom extremely painful,” notes Giesser. When the needle used to remove spinal fluid is inserted through your spinal membrane and into the spinal canal, you may feel pressure in your back, but this part of the procedure is usually painless.
How long does it take to get results from a spinal tap?
The doctor or nurse who performs the lumbar puncture can often tell you some of the results straight away and explain what they mean. You may need to wait for at least 48 hours for the full results. Some laboratory test results are available within a couple of hours in an emergency.
What are the reasons to do a spinal tap?
Why do healthcare providers perform spinal taps (lumbar punctures)?
- Bleeding in the brain (intracranial hemorrhage).
- Leukemia or other cancers.
- Meningitis and encephalitis (brain and spinal cord infections).
- Multiple sclerosis or other autoimmune disorders.
- Myelitis (spinal cord inflammation).
What does high glucose in spinal fluid mean?
Abnormal results include higher and lower glucose levels. Abnormal results may be due to: Infection (bacterial or fungus) Inflammation of the central nervous system. Tumor.
What does high protein in spinal fluid mean?
An abnormal protein level in the CSF suggests a problem in the central nervous system. Increased protein level may be a sign of a tumor, bleeding, nerve inflammation, or injury. A blockage in the flow of spinal fluid can cause the rapid buildup of protein in the lower spinal area.
Do they put you to sleep for a spinal tap?
This examination is usually done on an outpatient basis. A nurse or technologist will insert an intravenous (IV) line into a vein in your hand or arm to administer a sedative. This procedure may use moderate sedation.
How long are you on bed rest after a lumbar puncture?
The duty physician advises you that the patient will require four hours bed rest after the lumbar puncture. The duty anaesthetist overhears and says that the patient will be able to go home immediately.
How accurate is a spinal tap in diagnosing MS?
Accuracy of spinal tap for MS
A spinal tap can reveal an abnormal immune response caused by MS. However, other conditions can also cause a similar immune response in the spinal fluid. Also, about 5 to 10 percent of people with confirmed MS don’t show any abnormalities in their spinal tap results.
What drugs can be detected in a spinal tap?
Classes of drugs evaluated in this study included: benzodiazepines, anticonvulsants, sedatives, opioids, antidepressants, anesthetics, and antihistamines. The majority of the drugs tested were readily detected in CSF specimens. The average CSF/blood ratio for most drugs was in the range of 0.05-0.50.
What is a spinal tap and how does it test for infection?
Overview. A lumbar puncture (LP), also called a spinal tap, is an invasive outpatient procedure used to remove a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the subarachnoid space in the spine. (This test is similar to a blood test, in which a needle is inserted into an artery to collect blood for testing.)
Is a spinal tap the same as an epidural?
Back to epidurals and spinals: The main difference is the placement. With an epidural, anesthesia is injected into the epidural space. With a spinal, the anesthesia is injected into the dural sac that contains cerebrospinal fluid. The direct access means that a spinal gives immediate relief.
Why does the physician order a test in the spine to diagnose a problem in the head?
If you have headaches or migraines, your doctor may use a spinal tap to look for signs of infection, bleeding in the brain, to measure the pressure around your brain, or other things that could be causing your pain.