Scoliosis is a side-to-side curvature of the spine that can develop in adults when their facet joints and discs begin to deteriorate (Fig. 2). The facet joints give the spine flexibility, enabling us to twist, stretch, or curl up on the couch.
What spinal curves are we born with?
Called the primary curve, only the kyphotic curves (thoracic and sacral) are present when you are born, together forming one big C shape. The others develop as you acquire the ability to lift your head (cervical curve) and learn to walk (lumbar curve.)
What are the 3 spinal curves?
The spine has three natural curves, a concave cervical and lumbar curve, and a gentle convex thoracic curve. These curves are maintained by two muscle groups, flexors and extensors.
What is the degree of a normal spine?
Anything less than 10 degrees is considered normal variation in a normal individual. The curvature takes place in three dimensions. Normally, the spine is straight when looking at a person from the front or back. When looking at a person from the side, the spine is curved.
Is it normal to have a curved spine?
In normal, healthy individuals, the spine always curves. However, it occurs in a very specific way. SpineUniverse explains that this curve is normally only visible when viewed from a side (aka lateral) view.
What is a normal spine look like?
The normal spine has an S-shaped curve when viewed from the side. This shape allows for an even distribution of weight and flexibility of movement. The spine curves in the following ways: The cervical spine curves slightly inward, sometimes described as a backward C-shape or lordotic curve.
Can a curved spine be corrected?
In moderate to severe cases, scoliosis may be corrected through bracing and/or surgery. If you suspect scoliosis, you should consult your doctor about an appropriate treatment plan.
What does scoliosis pain feel like?
Jayme F: “It feels like a stiffness and tightness in my lower back.” While more common in adults, stiffness and tightness of the lower back can be a common scoliosis-related symptom. As the body tries to adjust to the abnormal spinal curvature, muscles and ligaments can become stretched and strained from overuse.
What are the primary spinal curves?
In a normal spine there are four types of spinal curvatures important to balance, flexibility, and stress absorption and distribution.
|Type of Spinal Curves||Curve Description|
|Cervical Lordosis||20 to 40 degrees|
|Thoracic Kyphosis||20 to 40 degrees|
|Lumbar Lordosis||40 to 60 degrees|
What is flat back syndrome?
Flatback syndrome occurs when there is a loss either of lordosis or kyphosis or both, making the spine straight. Persons with flatback syndrome appear stooped forward and often have difficulty standing up straight.