Osteoporotic bones break more easily than normal bones. Osteoporosis in children is a rare condition that is usually caused by an underlying medical condition. Treatment depends on the cause, but may include dietary changes, a supervised exercise program and treatment for any underlying medical condition.
What causes osteoporosis in a child?
Most often, osteoporosis during childhood is caused by an underlying medical condition (called secondary osteoporosis) or a genetic disorder (such as osteogenesis imperfecta). Sometimes, no cause can be found and the disease is categorized as a rare form of osteoporosis, called idiopathic juvenile osteoporosis (IJO).
Is juvenile osteoporosis serious?
It’s a serious problem, because it strikes when a child is still building up their bone strength. You build about 90% of your bone mass by the time you’re 18 to 20. Losing bone mass during prime bone-building years can put someone at risk for complications such as fractures.
How do you test for juvenile osteoporosis?
How is juvenile osteoporosis diagnosed?
- X-rays. This test uses a small amount of radiation to create images of tissues, bones, and organs. …
- Bone density test. This test is done to look at bone mineral content and bone changes, such as bone loss. …
- Blood tests.
Who typically gets osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women, especially older women who are past menopause, are at highest risk. Medications, healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones.
How do you reverse osteoporosis?
Can osteoporosis be reversed without medications? Your doctor diagnoses osteoporosis based on bone density loss. You can have different degrees of the condition, and catching it early can help you prevent the condition from worsening. You cannot reverse bone loss on your own.
What are the two types of osteoporosis?
Two categories of osteoporosis have been identified: primary and secondary. Primary osteoporosis is the most common form of the disease and includes postmenopausal osteoporosis (type I), and senile osteoporosis (type II). Secondary osteoporosis is characterized as having a clearly definable etiologic mechanism.
How quickly does osteoporosis progress?
While some bone is lost each year, the rate of bone loss increases dramatically in the 5 to 10 years after menopause. Then, for several years, the breakdown of bone occurs at a much greater pace than the building of new bone.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 osteoporosis?
Postmenopausal osteoporosis (type 1) occurs in women within 15–20 years after menopause and is thought to result from factors related to or exacerbated by estrogen deficiency. Age-related osteoporosis (type 2) occurs in men and women over 75 years of age and may be more directly related to the aging process.
How does depression cause osteoporosis?
We propose that depression induces bone loss and osteoporotic fractures, primarily via specific immune and endocrine mechanisms, with poor lifestyle habits and use of specific antidepressants also potential contributory factors.
How can you tell the difference between osteoporosis?
Orthopedic doctors usually distinguish between two different types of osteoporosis, primary and secondary. Primary Osteoporosis is linked to the normal aging process. There is an association between the presence of two hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and the rate at which bone is lost.
How is osteoporosis prevented and treated?
Prevention of osteoporosis
- have a healthy and varied diet with plenty of fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains.
- eat calcium-rich foods.
- absorb enough vitamin D.
- avoid smoking.
- limit alcohol consumption.
- limit caffeine.
- do regular weight-bearing and strength-training activities.