Can spinal cord injury cause neurological problems?

Loss of nerve function occurs below the level of injury. An injury higher on the spinal cord can cause paralysis in most of the body and affect all limbs (called tetraplegia or quadriplegia). A lower injury to the spinal cord may cause paralysis affecting the legs and lower body (called paraplegia).

Can spinal cord injuries affect the brain?

Brain injuries

Many people who have had severe trauma to their neck and back may also have injuries to their brain. These can range from a mild concussion to more severe injuries. They can cause difficulty with memory, concentration, or communication, and can cause personality changes.

Is spinal cord injury a neurological condition?

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an injury to the spinal cord that results in temporary or permanent changes in the spinal cord’s normal motor, sensory, or autonomic function. People who sustain a spinal cord injury often have permanent and profound neurologic deficits and accompanying disability.

What is the neurological level of a spinal cord injury?

Neurological level of injury (NLI): The NLI refers to the most caudal segment of the spinal cord with normal sensory and antigravity motor function on both sides of the body, provided that there is normal (intact) sensory and motor function rostrally.

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What is the most common complication of spinal cord injury?

Frequent complications of cervical and high thoracic SCI are neurogenic shock, bradyarrhythmias, hypotension, ectopic beats, abnormal temperature control and disturbance of sweating, vasodilatation and autonomic dysreflexia.

Can you fully recover from a spinal cord injury?

In very rare cases, people with spinal cord injury will regain some functioning years after the injury. However, only a small fraction of individuals sustaining a spinal cord injury recover all function.

Does a spinal cord injury shorten your life?

Life expectancy depends on the severity of the injury, where on the spine the injury occurs and age. Life expectancy after injury ranges from 1.5 years for a ventilator-dependent patient older than 60 to 52.6 years for a 20-year-old patient with preserved motor function.

Is spinal nerve damage a disability?

Anyone with a spinal cord injury can file a claim for Social Security disability benefits as long as the injury has lasted at least three months and is expected to make it impossible for you to work for at least 12 months.

What protects the spinal cord?

The spinal cord is protected by bones, discs, ligaments, and muscles. The spine is made of 33 bones called vertebrae. The spinal cord passes through a hole in the center (called the spinal canal) of each vertebra. Between the vertebrae there are discs that act as cushions, or shock absorbers for the spine.

Is spinal cord injury a neurodegenerative disease?

A mechanical trauma to the spinal cord can be followed by the development of irreversible and progressive neurodegeneration, as opposed to a temporary or partially reversible neurological damage.

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Is pain always present with a spinal injury?

Central pain doesn’t always show up right away. It may take weeks or months to appear and is often associated with recovery of some spinal cord function. This type of pain is less common in complete injuries. Other irritations, such as pressure sores or fractures, may increase the burning of central pain.

How can you prevent spinal cord injury complications?

How can you help prevent medical spinal cord injury complications…

  1. Communication. Communicating is important to all of us. …
  2. Keep the lungs clear. Take deep breaths and cough often. …
  3. DVT prevention. …
  4. Nutrition. …
  5. Skin care. …
  6. Bowel and bladder control. …
  7. Muscle maintenance. …
  8. Heterotopic ossification.

What are the dangers of a spinal injury?

Spinal cord injury is associated with a risk of developing secondary conditions that can be debilitating and even life-threatening—e.g. deep vein thrombosis, urinary tract infections, muscle spasms, osteoporosis, pressure ulcers, chronic pain, and respiratory complications.

What is a chronic spinal cord injury?

Chronic spinal cord injury refers to a permanent and/or progressive interruption in the conduction of impulses across the neurons and tracts of the spinal cord. It may be due to mechanical distortion or vascular ischaemia of the spinal cord arising from trauma, tumour, infection or other space-occupying lesions.

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