Frequent question: How do you treat osteoarthritis in horses?

Once a thorough understanding of the disease process is comprehended the proper combination of systemic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), intraarticular steroids, viscosupplementation and chondroprotectants can be used to treat the disease and inhibit further progression of degenerative changes to the …

What is the best treatment for arthritis in horses?

Adequan® is the only FDA-approved, disease-modifying drug for the treatment of degenerative joint disease. It contains polysulfated glycosaminoglycan (PSGAG), which travels into injured joints and stimulates new cartilage production, while also relieving signs of arthritis. Adequan is available in both IM and IA form.

Is there a treatment for arthritis in horses?

1 There is no treatment or cure for arthritis. If you notice that your horse is having any discomfort (even discomfort that wears off quickly), it’s a good idea to consult your vet. Your vet may be able to identify arthritis early and slow its progress with drugs that reduce inflammation.

Can you ride a horse with osteoarthritis?

Many horses who are diagnosed with the early stages of arthritis can continue to safely carry riders on level trails and perform other low-impact activities, including some jumping. Those with advanced OA may not be able to handle any more than turnout with a quiet companion.

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How is osteoarthritis diagnosed in horses?

Diagnosis of Osteoarthritis in Horses

Using radiographs (X-rays) will show which joints are affected and how badly. The images may show the narrowing of the joint space that results from cartilage destruction, or show a bone spur formation, or changing density within the bone.

How often should you ride a horse with arthritis?

Eventually, 30 minutes of riding per day, 15 to 20 minutes trotting and the rest at a walk will do wonders for keeping the horse more comfortable. Days you can’t ride, you should at least try to make sure he gets round pen or lunge time. Daily formal exercise is definitely best.

What can I give a horse with arthritis?

The most common drug used is phenylbutazone (bute) but there are others if bute does not agree with your horse, or he refuses to eat it. These drugs help by reducing the pain associated with arthritis, and so allowing them to move more freely.

How serious is arthritis in horses?

In acute arthritis caused by infection (‘septic’ arthritis) there is usually severe inflammation, pain and lameness. If not quickly controlled, this condition can cause severe destruction of the joint surfaces that may end a horse’s athletic career and may even necessitate euthanasia on humane grounds.

Should you exercise a horse with arthritis?

“We know that horses with arthritic joints do benefit from movement and regular exercise,” Malinowski says. Therefore, “horse owners should exercise these horses as long as the animal is able to do so without obvious discomfort.”

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How long do joint injections last in horses?

Hock injections can be effective anywhere from 6-12 months. If your hock injections are only lasting 8-10 weeks, your horse may be a candidate for laser arthrodesis (surgical fusion).

How do you exercise a horse with arthritis?

Their joints may benefit from a pre-ride leg and back massage, an application of topical salves and horse liniments, and some light and careful leg stretches after they have been warmed up. Allow for longer warm-up and cool-down times at the start and end of your riding sessions.

Is osteoarthritis hereditary in horses?

Pain in osteoarthritis. Vet Clin Equine. 2010;26(1):619-642.). According to Lories and Luyten (2011), OA is related to a mechanically induced joint disorder caused by both acquired and genetic factors.

What causes osteoarthritis in horses?

Primary osteoarthritis arises from the wear and tear of everyday activities, resulting in a slow breakdown of joint cartilage. Performance horses are at particular risk for this form of osteoarthritis.

Is Bute anti-inflammatory?

Both Bute (Phenylbutazone) and Banamine (Flunixin meglumine) are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), but they can be used for different situations. Bute is usually given for musculoskeletal pain, such as lameness.

Your podiatrist