How are hypothyroidism and osteoporosis connected?

High levels of thyroid hormones, or hyperthyroidism, cause rapid bone loss, and new bone might not be as strong as the bone lost. This process of increased bone loss over time causes osteoporosis. Hypothyroidism, which slows your body’s metabolism, also slows down your bone’s metabolism.

Why does hypothyroidism cause osteoporosis?

What is the link between thyroid disease and osteoporosis? Thyroid hormone affects the rate of bone replacement. Too much thyroid hormone (i.e. thyroxine) in your body speeds the rate at which bone is lost. If this happens too fast the osteoblasts may not be able to replace the bone loss quickly enough.

Can hypothyroidism affect bone density?

Thyroid hormones play an important role in bone mineral homeostasis and bone density. Both hyperthyroidism and, to some extent, hypothyroidism are associated with reduced BMD leading to increased fracture risk.

Does low TSH cause osteoporosis?

In humans, TSH inhibits markers of bone resorption with a single administration, and low TSH levels correlate with increased fracture risk. The evidence that low TSH levels predispose to osteoporosis in hyperthyroidism is discussed in view of the emerging role of pituitary hormones in bone biology.

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What emotional problems does hypothyroidism cause?

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Symptoms can include loss of appetite, lack of concentration, difficulty sleeping, reduced motivation, mood swings, a short temper, depression and excessive stress.

What are five risk factors for osteoporosis?

Factors that will increase the risk of developing osteoporosis are:

  • Female gender, Caucasian or Asian race, thin and small body frames, and a family history of osteoporosis. …
  • Cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol and caffeine consumption, lack of exercise, and a diet low in calcium.
  • Poor nutrition and poor general health.

Can thyroid problems cause spinal pain?

The Spine-Thyroid Connection

The inflammation and swelling in thyroid problems like Hashimoto’s can push one of the nearby vertebrae out of place, causing a subluxation in your cervical spine. Long-term uncontrolled hypothyroidism can affect your spine in other ways.

Do thyroid patients need calcium?

Answer From Todd B. Nippoldt, M.D. Yes. Calcium supplements — or antacids containing calcium — can interfere with the absorption of thyroid hormone replacement medications, such as synthetic thyroid hormones levothyroxine (Synthroid, Unithroid, others) and liothyronine (Cytomel), as well as thyroid extract supplements.

Does thyroid cause bone pain?

When your thyroid hormones are low, virtually every system in the body is impacted, including your bones, muscles, and joints. People with untreated hypothyroidism can suffer from joint pain that may interfere with their ability to work, exercise, and function in their daily life.

Can too much levothyroxine cause osteoporosis?

In this nationwide retrospective cohort study on the association between the levothyroxine dose and fracture risk among elderly women (aged ≥65 years), we found a significant association between a higher dose of levothyroxine (>150 µg/d) and fracture risk in the highly probable osteoporosis subgroup.

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Which thyroid hormone is used to treat osteoporosis?

Calcitonin is a hormone naturally produced in the thyroid. When given to patients with osteoporosis, calcitonin produces modest increases in bone mass because it slows the rate at which osteoclasts absorb bone. Only women who are at least five years past menopause can take calcitonin.

Can thyroid problems cause degenerative disc disease?

Autoimmune Thyroid Disease Is Associated with a Higher Frequency of Spinal Degenerative Disc Disease.

Does hypothyroidism cause calcium deficiency?

Hypothyroidism is known to affect calcium homeostasis by decreasing bone turnover and serum calcium level, and by increasing parathyroid hormone and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations.

Can too much thyroid medication cause osteoporosis?

One of the problems that occurs when the thyroid is too active, or when too much thyroid hormone medication is given, is bone loss from osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone mass (decrease in bone density), which leads to fragile bones that can break more easily.

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